Therefore, the specific aims of this study were (a) to measure in vivo maximum thumb circumductions
performed by a group of anthropometrically diverse participants and (b), through biomechanical modeling and statistical analysis, to establish a normative database of thumb circumduction
ROM and related kinematic characteristics while examining the effects of anthropometry, gender, and circumduction
In most of the prosthetic hands described in this article, the thumb is actuated in flexion/extension (simple closing or opening) and along the circumduction
Because these bones bear very important feathers and undergo strong circumduction
motions, length, orientation, and integrity are essential for flight and should be considered when performing an orthopedic surgery.
Deviations during the swing phase include a decreased foot-floor clearance, abnormal foot-floor contact after swing with the foot flat on the floor, and circumduction
of the hip with the knee in extension resulting in the dragging of the toes (2, 3, 8, 9, 10).
flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, elevation, depression, rotation, circumduction
For instance, Smutz, Serina, and Rempel (1994) employed the goniometer for wrist posture measurement in their ergonomic assessment of keyboard designs; Moore, Wells, and Ranney (1991) and Wells, Moore, Potvin, and Norman (1994) used the goniometer to quantify wrist motion and posture in their field assessments of ergonomic risk factors; and Ojima, Miyake, Kumashiro, Togami, and Suzuki (1991) performed a dynamic analysis of wrist circumduction
using the goniometer in clinical trials.
of ankle joint will be done in supine or high sitting positioning in clockwise and anticlockwise directions, 20 repetitions are given in 1min.
feeling of A weakness in wrist, no particular disability if careful, activities slightly restricted Poor Pain, limitation of motion, disability, activities 6 more or less markedly restricted Objective evaluation * Loss of dorsiflexion S Loss of ulnar deviation 3 Loss of supination 2 Loss of palmarflexion 1 Loss of radial deviation 1 Loss of circumduction
1 Loss of pronation 2 Rain in DRUJ 1 Grip strength--60% or less of opposite side (using 1 dynamometer) Point range 0-5 End result point ranges Excellent 0-2 Good 3-8 Pair 9-20 Poor 21 and above * Objective evaluation is based on the following ROM is being minimum for normal function, Dorsiflexion--45", Palmarflexion--30".
0 logits, while for wrist circumduction
the rating of 1 corresponds to approximately 1.
This is performed with the arm abducted to 90[degrees], 300 of anterior circumduction
, and internal rotation with thumb downward.