citation

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Citation

A paper commonly used in various courts—such as a probate, matrimonial, or traffic court—that is served upon an individual to notify him or her that he or she is required to appear at a specific time and place.

Reference to a legal authority—such as a case, constitution, or treatise—where particular information may be found.

Cases are published in a series of books called reporters, which are compilations of judicial decisions made in a certain court, state, or jurisdiction. Reporters are published in consecutively numbered volumes, each of which contains the most recently decided cases. When the volume numbers on a set of reporters get too high, the publisher will begin a new set with a new series of numbers.

To refer to a particular case in a reporter, a designation including the volume number, the name of the reporter, and the page number is given. If, for example, a case decided in the U.S. Supreme Court were cited as 60 S. Ct. 710, the case would be in volume 60 of the Supreme Court Reporter on page 710. To promote uniformity of citations, many lawyers and law students use The Blue Book: A Uniform System of Citation, commonly referred to simply as The Blue Book. This manual is published jointly by law schools at Harvard, Yale, Columbia, and the University of Pennsylvania. Other citation manuals have also been published.When a court issues a citation, it orders a person to appear at a certain time and place. Failure by the person to adhere to the requirements in a citation results in punishment by the court. On appeal, a court may issue a citation of appeal, giving parties notice of the appeal and ordering them to appear in court. Issuance of a citation is required in order to give an appellate court jurisdiction over the appeal. The clerk of a court is generally required to issue a citation.

Police officers also issue citations for minor offenses, especially for traffic violations. The citation that an officer gives to a violator states the charge and requires an appearance before a judge on a specified date, subject to punishment for failure to appear. Citations issued by police officers for minor violations are typically only admissible for a criminal action that is based upon the violation. In most jurisdictions, evidence of an arrest from a citation is not admissible in a civil action based upon the same facts.

Cross-references

Legal Publishing.

citation

n. 1) a notice to appear in court due to the probable commission of a minor crime such as a traffic violation, failure to keep a dog on a leash, drinking liquor in a park where prohibited, letting a dog loose without a leash, and in some states for possession of a small amount of marijuana. Failure to appear can result in a warrant for the citee's arrest. 2) a notice to appear in court in a civil matter in which the presence of a party appears necessary, usually required by statute, such as a person whose relatives wish to place him/her under a conservatorship (take over and manage his/her affairs). 3) the act of referring to (citing) a statute, precedent-setting case or legal textbook, in a brief (written legal court statement) or argument in court, called "citation of authority." 4) the section of the statute or the name of the case as well as the volume number, the report series and the page number of a case referred to in a brief, points and authorities, or other legal argument. Example: United States v. Wong Kim Ark, (1898) 169 U. S. 649, which is the name of the case, the year when decided, with the decision found at volume 169 of the United States [Supreme Court] Reporter at page 649. A citation also refers to the case itself, as in "counsel's citation of the Wong case is not in point." (See: cite)

citation

(Attribution), noun ascription, assignment, credit, derivation, designation, mention, organization, parentage, quotation, reference, source
Associated concepts: citation of authorities, citation of tables

citation

(Charge), noun command to appear, decree, dictate, interpellation, legal process, mandate, mittimus, monition, notice, notice to appear, notification, official nooice, ordination, precept, prescript, prescription, rescript, subpoena, ukase, warrant, writ, writ of summons
Associated concepts: citation for a crime, citation for a violaaion, citation for contempt
See also: accusation, canon, certification, charge, complaint, count, direction, excerpt, mention, monition, order, paraphrase, presentment, process, recognition, subpoena, summons

citation

1 the procedure of serving notice of court proceedings on a person, instructing them to attend.
2 reference to a precedent or other authority in a court or legal writing. So far as citation in court is concerned, English civil courts have detailed practice rules which restrict indiscriminate use of citations, especially those from lower courts or external jurisdictions. In this respect the Lord Chief Justice in 2001 was following in the steps of the Roman emperor Theodosius II whose Law of Citations of AD 426 laid down rules as to which jurists might be cited and in what rank of importance.

CITATION, practice. A writ issued out of a court of competent, jurisdiction, commanding a person therein named to appear and do something therein mentioned, or to show cause why he should not, on a day named. Proct. Pr. h.t. In the ecclesiastical law, the citation is the beginning and foundation of the whole cause; it is said to have six requisites, namely.: the insertion of the name of the judge; of the promovert; of the impugnant; of the cause of suit; of the place; and of the time of appearance; to which may be added the affixing the seal of the court, and the name of the register or his deputy. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 453-4; Ayl. Parer. xliii. 175; Hall's Adm. Pr. 5; Merl. Rep. h.t. By, citation is also understood the act by which a person is summoned, or cited.

References in periodicals archive ?
The results of this reception study of F&J's (1998) paper indicate that the article not only has been accumulating greater citational attention over time, but it has also gained greater acceptance diachronically.
Realizing more and more that Adrian's machista personae is based on a citational and fictitious worldview that is incongruent both with the past and the present, Gina slowly begins to wrest power from her lover and a past which never existed.
In his appeal, Hieronimo refers to the citational legacy of his words as knight marshal, 'Enforced by nature and by law of arms'.
To that extent, trials are both fresh and reiterative, and they put the grounds of "law" into question in ways that are both singular and citational.
Pollock suggests that in order to achieve this 'scholarly representation' the writer needs to interface with the idea that performative writing is evocative, metonymic, subjective, nervous, citational, and consequential (Pollock 1998 : BO-94).
and other citational lapses will frustrate the curiosity of general readers and scholars alike.
In this case, Tropic Thunder perhaps offers what Sin field calls a "dissident perspective" (46), facilitated, in Jackson's summary of Butler, via "a type of hyperbolic gesture, a spectacle that might expose habituated citational scripts" (190).
Insofar as each figure insists on the image character of history, there is no sense of photography that is not at the same time a sense of historiography--the two coalesce as media of historical investigation, alike in their citational structures and in their withdrawals from an actual, ever-receding past.
The test of such statements, it seems, is not whether or not they can withstand potential criticisms; rather, their function as arguments seems to emanate from their citational power: a statement is most likely recognized as an argument if it is performed from and for political authority.
Hix's interrogative charms, Alan Michael Parker's committee happiness); a locally observed nature (Merrill Gilfillan's damselflies; Kimberly O'Connor's AWP Intro Journals Award-winning "Thrush:"); citational inhabitations (Martha Ronk, Barry Schwabsky, Philip Jenks & Simone Muench); simulations and adjacencies (John Gallaher and Jordan Stempleman); and long poems (Sally Keith's Muybridge-Smithson excursus, the august flight of Chad Sweeney).
And while Greenblatt generally excludes women from his study (with the notable exception of Queen Elizabeth I), I believe that his theory is nevertheless useful in examining the reenactment of gender in Shrew's cinematic heritage, particularly in instances of gender performance in which citational behavior and the shaping of a self interact to allow one to produce a new identity, feigned or otherwise.