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To notify a person of a proceeding against him or her or to call a person forth to appear in court.

To make reference to a legal authority, such as a case, in a citation.

Cases, statutes, constitutions, treatises, and other similar authorities are cited to support a certain view of law on an issue. When writing a legal brief, an attorney may wish to strengthen his or her position by referring to cases that support what he or she is saying in order to persuade the court to make a ruling favorable for the client.


Precedent; Stare Decisis.


v. 1) to make reference to a decision in another case to make a legal point in argument. 2) to give notice of being charged with a minor crime and a date for appearance in court to answer the charge rather than being arrested (usually given by a police officer). (See: citation)


(Accuse), verb allege, blame, bring a charge, bring an action, call to account, censure, challenge, charge, complain, denounce, discredit, impeach, impute, incriminate, inform against, lodge a commlaint, make a complaint


(State), verb advance, attest, authenticate, bring forward, certify, circumstantiate, document, enunciate, evidence, evince, exemplify, exhibit, express, give as example, illustrate, indicate, introduce as an example, maintain, make evident, make reference to, manifest, name, point to, predicate, present as proof, prove, quote, recite, refer to, refer to legal authorities, set forth, show, show evidence, show proof, specify, substantiate, use in support of propositions of law
Associated concepts: cite a case as precedence
See also: accuse, acknowledge, adduce, allege, allude, arraign, bear, blame, charge, complain, condemn, denounce, exemplify, extract, honor, illustrate, mention, order, posit, present, quote, recognize, refer, specify, summon
References in periodicals archive ?
Not only is the latter choice fraught with unknown costs and results, the details that are later supplied to the Patent Office may be so close to the heart of the invention as to be citeable against the application and used to deny the applicant a patent on other grounds.
1215, 1222 (2004) (quoting Judge Alex Kozinski's testimony to a Congressional subcommittee on the courts in which he argued that "if these decisions were citeable, the judges who write them might have to pay much closer attention to their precise wording, the judges might have to agree on the precise reasoning, the judges who dissent from the result might have to make that fact known, and judges not on the panel might have to pay much closer attention to the decisions written by their colleagues," all evidence of the impairment that citation of unpublished opinions would cause to the federal judiciary in terms of workload and efficiency) (internal citations and quotation marks omitted).