citizen


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citizen

n. person who by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or by going through the naturalization process has sworn loyalty to a nation. The United States has traditionally taken the position that an American citizen is subject to losing his/her citizenship if he/she commits acts showing loyalty to another country, including serving in armed forces potentially unfriendly to the United States, or voting in a foreign county. However, if the foreign nation recognizes dual citizenship (Canada, Israel, and Ireland are common examples) the U. S. will overlook this duality of nationalities.

citizen

noun civis, denizen, dweller, habitant, indigene, indweller, inhabitant, inhabiter, inmate, occupant, occupier, residencer, resident, resider
Associated concepts: adopted citizens, citizen of a state, cittzen of the United States of America, citizens of different states, diversity of citizenship, domicile of a citizen, foreign citizen, native-born citizen, natural-born citizen, naturalized citizen, nonresident citizen, privilege and immunities of cittzens, renunciation of citizenship
Foreign phrases: Semel civis semper civis.Once a citizen always a citizen.
See also: denizen, domiciliary, inhabitant

CITIZEN, persons. One who, under the constitution and laws of the United States, has a right to vote for representatives in congress, and other public officers, and who is qualified to fill offices in the gift of the people. In a more extended sense, under the word citizen, are included all white persons born in the United States, and naturalized persons born out of the same, who have not lost their right as such. This includes men, women, and children.
     2. Citizens are either native born or naturalized. Native citizens may fill any office; naturalized citizens may be elected or appointed to any office under the constitution of the United States, except the office of president and vice-president. The constitution provides, that "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." Art. 4, s. 2.
     3. All natives are not citizens of the United States; the descendants of the aborigines, and those of African origin, are not entitled to the rights of citizens. Anterior to the adoption of the constitution of the United States, each state had the right to make citizens of such persons as it pleased. That constitution does not authorize any but white persons to become citizens of the United States; and it must therefore be presumed that no one is a citizen who is not white. 1 Litt. R. 334; 10 Conn. R. 340; 1 Meigs, R. 331.
     4. A citizen of the United States, residing in any state of the Union, is a citizen of that state. 6 Pet. 761 Paine, 594;1 Brock. 391; 1 Paige, 183 Metc. & Perk. Dig. h.t.; vide 3 Story's Const. Sec. 1687 Bouv. Inst. Index, b. t.; 2 Kent, Com. 258; 4 Johns. Ch. R. 430; Vatt. B. 1, c. Id, Sec. 212; Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 2, s. 1. Vide Body Politic; Inhabitant.

References in periodicals archive ?
The number of national manpower in the careers of agriculture and animal husbandry, birds and fishing during the first quarter of the current year amounted / 585 / citizens compared / 560 / citizens; in industrial, chemical and food processing occupations were / 14211 / citizens compared to / 13694 / citizens; in basic supporting engineering professions were / 51651 / citizens compared to / 50414 / citizens.
A historic mission of higher education has been to produce citizens, yet traditional measures show that citizenship is declining.
Uses clustering technology to organize thousands of search results into categories to help citizens locate government information;
6 percent between 1999 and 2004, while Citizens Bank's market share decreased four percentage points during the same period.
Ferguson, "The Citizen Police Academy," FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, September 1985, 5-7.
733 (1988)), all Spanish subjects who resided in Puerto Rico on April 11, 1899, and continued to reside there through April 12, 1900, and their children born subsequent thereto, who did not file a declaration of Spanish allegiance prior to April 11, 1900, were deemed to be citizens of Puerto Rico.
Naturalized citizen A person who obtained the citizenship of the Syrian Arab Republic under the stipulation of this law or under the stipulations of previous citizenship laws.
Project NetGap involved extensive pre-training for our seventh graders, as they discussed the challenges faced by senior citizens as well as the inaccurate stereotypes associated with senior citizens.
The Rockwall Police Department asks citizen graduates to complete a course evaluation form at the end of the CPA program.
The letter said Wilson and Jones ``engaged in voter intimidation of newly naturalized and registered citizens by issuing inflammatory and baseless statements to the press accusing these citizens of voter fraud, and threatening these new citizens with removal from the voter rolls and with federal investigation prior to the upcoming election.
Gift and estate tax planners need to be cognizant of situations involving (1) resident alien spouses, such as a Canadian citizen couple living in the U.
The young, unmarried, low-income, nonwhite male represents the profile of a citizen most likely to complain against the police.