Citizen

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citizen

n. person who by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or by going through the naturalization process has sworn loyalty to a nation. The United States has traditionally taken the position that an American citizen is subject to losing his/her citizenship if he/she commits acts showing loyalty to another country, including serving in armed forces potentially unfriendly to the United States, or voting in a foreign county. However, if the foreign nation recognizes dual citizenship (Canada, Israel, and Ireland are common examples) the U. S. will overlook this duality of nationalities.

CITIZEN, persons. One who, under the constitution and laws of the United States, has a right to vote for representatives in congress, and other public officers, and who is qualified to fill offices in the gift of the people. In a more extended sense, under the word citizen, are included all white persons born in the United States, and naturalized persons born out of the same, who have not lost their right as such. This includes men, women, and children.
     2. Citizens are either native born or naturalized. Native citizens may fill any office; naturalized citizens may be elected or appointed to any office under the constitution of the United States, except the office of president and vice-president. The constitution provides, that "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." Art. 4, s. 2.
     3. All natives are not citizens of the United States; the descendants of the aborigines, and those of African origin, are not entitled to the rights of citizens. Anterior to the adoption of the constitution of the United States, each state had the right to make citizens of such persons as it pleased. That constitution does not authorize any but white persons to become citizens of the United States; and it must therefore be presumed that no one is a citizen who is not white. 1 Litt. R. 334; 10 Conn. R. 340; 1 Meigs, R. 331.
     4. A citizen of the United States, residing in any state of the Union, is a citizen of that state. 6 Pet. 761 Paine, 594;1 Brock. 391; 1 Paige, 183 Metc. & Perk. Dig. h.t.; vide 3 Story's Const. Sec. 1687 Bouv. Inst. Index, b. t.; 2 Kent, Com. 258; 4 Johns. Ch. R. 430; Vatt. B. 1, c. Id, Sec. 212; Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 2, s. 1. Vide Body Politic; Inhabitant.

References in periodicals archive ?
CITIZENLY TRAITS, EXPERIENCES, RELATIONSHIPS, AND NORMS EXPRESSED IN DURATIONAL TIME
A lay public making present sense of past constitutional conflicts and commitments seeks insights that bear on the field of citizenly debate and action.
At the foundation, Joyce says, "we've come to the view that one of the biggest challenges to the continuation of the self-governing republic is the reduction of the role of citizens that's occurred mostly in this century." Among those lost "citizenly virtues" is education.
Workers in the advanced societies need to be able to examine fully and debate the shorter work week as a means to share work while freeing time for citizenly participation and community service.
The ability to carry out one's citizenly functions is the real basis of the kind of security and stability that will make it possible to devise a society that will not break down in chaos and confusion - or provoke the creation of counter-societies stabilized by criminal syndicates, fundamentalist religious groups or racist ethnic bondings.
The letter made me relive this citizenly day dream, and then I laughed as I read on.
At the same time, civic associations and groupings helped sustain order and public morality, and generally leaven the materialistic individualism of commercial democracy with an inclination toward broader, "citizenly" duties.
Reformers' goals, he declares, constitute "a search to find again a golden age of simpler, grass-roots, citizenly politics ...
Clearly, citizenly activity within civil society occurs not episodically or infrequently, as with voting, but regularly and constantly, in countless small ways that are so much a part of the texture of everyday lives that people are almost unaware of them.
And the overall impression--which is sometimes shaded with republican sentiments regarding the inculcation of citizenly virtue--is that the university functions as an institutional space for the free inquiry which is the lifeblood of liberal political and social arrangements.
Writers are encumbered with the same citizenly responsibilities as everyone else, which is true in every democracy.

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