citizen

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citizen

n. person who by place of birth, nationality of one or both parents, or by going through the naturalization process has sworn loyalty to a nation. The United States has traditionally taken the position that an American citizen is subject to losing his/her citizenship if he/she commits acts showing loyalty to another country, including serving in armed forces potentially unfriendly to the United States, or voting in a foreign county. However, if the foreign nation recognizes dual citizenship (Canada, Israel, and Ireland are common examples) the U. S. will overlook this duality of nationalities.

citizen

noun civis, denizen, dweller, habitant, indigene, indweller, inhabitant, inhabiter, inmate, occupant, occupier, residencer, resident, resider
Associated concepts: adopted citizens, citizen of a state, cittzen of the United States of America, citizens of different states, diversity of citizenship, domicile of a citizen, foreign citizen, native-born citizen, natural-born citizen, naturalized citizen, nonresident citizen, privilege and immunities of cittzens, renunciation of citizenship
Foreign phrases: Semel civis semper civis.Once a citizen always a citizen.
See also: denizen, domiciliary, inhabitant

CITIZEN, persons. One who, under the constitution and laws of the United States, has a right to vote for representatives in congress, and other public officers, and who is qualified to fill offices in the gift of the people. In a more extended sense, under the word citizen, are included all white persons born in the United States, and naturalized persons born out of the same, who have not lost their right as such. This includes men, women, and children.
     2. Citizens are either native born or naturalized. Native citizens may fill any office; naturalized citizens may be elected or appointed to any office under the constitution of the United States, except the office of president and vice-president. The constitution provides, that "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." Art. 4, s. 2.
     3. All natives are not citizens of the United States; the descendants of the aborigines, and those of African origin, are not entitled to the rights of citizens. Anterior to the adoption of the constitution of the United States, each state had the right to make citizens of such persons as it pleased. That constitution does not authorize any but white persons to become citizens of the United States; and it must therefore be presumed that no one is a citizen who is not white. 1 Litt. R. 334; 10 Conn. R. 340; 1 Meigs, R. 331.
     4. A citizen of the United States, residing in any state of the Union, is a citizen of that state. 6 Pet. 761 Paine, 594;1 Brock. 391; 1 Paige, 183 Metc. & Perk. Dig. h.t.; vide 3 Story's Const. Sec. 1687 Bouv. Inst. Index, b. t.; 2 Kent, Com. 258; 4 Johns. Ch. R. 430; Vatt. B. 1, c. Id, Sec. 212; Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 2, s. 1. Vide Body Politic; Inhabitant.

References in periodicals archive ?
The ability to carry out one's citizenly functions is the real basis of the kind of security and stability that will make it possible to devise a society that will not break down in chaos and confusion - or provoke the creation of counter-societies stabilized by criminal syndicates, fundamentalist religious groups or racist ethnic bondings.
The letter made me relive this citizenly day dream, and then I laughed as I read on.
At the same time, civic associations and groupings helped sustain order and public morality, and generally leaven the materialistic individualism of commercial democracy with an inclination toward broader citizenly duties.
Reformers' goals, he declares, constitute "a search to find again a golden age of simpler, grass-roots, citizenly politics .
Clearly, citizenly activity within civil society occurs not episodically or infrequently, as with voting, but regularly and constantly, in countless small ways that are so much a part of the texture of everyday lives that people are almost unaware of them.
And the overall impression--which is sometimes shaded with republican sentiments regarding the inculcation of citizenly virtue--is that the university functions as an institutional space for the free inquiry which is the lifeblood of liberal political and social arrangements.
Writers are encumbered with the same citizenly responsibilities as everyone else, which is true in every democracy.
They rested their ideas of their new nations on the very edges of the paradox that modern nations were intended to be somehow open, universal, modern and emancipatory by virtue of their special commitment to citizenly virtue but that their nations were nonetheless, in some essential way, different from and even better than other nations.
When Dahl asserts that, if modern democracy were to achieve the form of representative government, "the theory and practice of democracy had to burst the narrow bounds of the polis" (Dahl 1989, 23), the implications are not just about scale and complexity but about reducing the reach of citizenly action and the stature of the citizen.
In fact, the idea of reinvigorating public life with suitable doses of citizenly devotion has proved so compelling to theorists in recent years that we can identify a range of politics of virtue on offer today, each with its own problems and possibilities.
There was no longer any question of citizenly harmony, no cohesive sense of reverence for the Revolution or the founders.