civil service

(redirected from civil servant)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to civil servant: civil service

Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
The date of the election and the civil servant's retirement were known well in advance, so it couldn't have come as a surprise.
He also said that in pursuit of narrowing the gap pledge by the government, the vehicle quota for all MPs (including Prime Minister, Opposition Leader, House Speaker, National Council Chairperson, and Cabinet Ministers) must be pegged to the existing quota exemption ceiling of Nu 0.8mn of civil servants and monetized at current market value.
Of course, it is not fair to make civil servants the scapegoats for the pension system's impending bankruptcy.
Organisations which employ civil servants in the city include Local Government Ombudsman, The Skills Funding Agency, the Probation Service, the Land Registry and the Standards and Testing Agency.
He said civil servants who made mistakes should be held accountable, adding: "There are civil servants up and down the country doing great jobs, but we are suffering some areas where there are skills shortages, in the commissioning area, in the procurement area."
(Civil servants were recruited for the Dail departments of the counterstate and there were, for example, seventy-nine staff in the Dail department of local government at the time of the Treaty.) Service in Northern Ireland seemed unattractive to most, as the prospects began to look more promising in a future Free State.
Leaders of the National Civil Servants' Federation, National Free Civil Servants' Centre and Government and Corporation's Drivers' Association jointly said they will come up with the details of their plans after May 1.
Civil servant confederations argue that current collective talks are far from bringing solutions to problems accumulated over the years.
Civil servants need confidence that exposing ministerial cover-ups will not damage their careers, a group of MPs said.
She had also worked for decades as a civil servant - which was only possible because she had adhered to the traditional ideal of chaste service for the common good and remained unmarried.
In this first edition of my new writing series titled 'Under The Sycamore Tree', I hereby present this brief but strong case on behalf of approximately 70,000 civil servants in Liberia.

Full browser ?