civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
Initially, a civil servant has to be under period of trial for a period of one year; but, the same is extendable.
Civil servants have taken to the streets to protest the government's plan to cut their benefits, while a smear campaign accuses them of causing the pension system's woes in the first place.
Organisations which employ civil servants in the city include Local Government Ombudsman, The Skills Funding Agency, the Probation Service, the Land Registry and the Standards and Testing Agency.
Highlighting that many civil servants cannot afford even basic consumption goods, Bayraktar added: "A study carried out by our R&D department revealed the [current] condition of civil servants.
Recording of instructions, directions is, therefore, necessary for fixing responsibility and ensure accountability in the functioning of civil servants and to uphold institutional integrity," court said.
It's another example of where the civil servants have not captured and taken on the role that is expected of them in today's society.
Given the speed of the assimilation, some civil servants inevitably got a raw deal: a hard-line infant government refused to recognise the right of civil servants to strike and they had no institutional forum for addressing their grievances.
The strike which is organised by Turkey's major confederations of civil servant unions, Kamu-Sen and KESK aims at laying the foundations of union rights for civil servants, including the right to go on strikes and the right to hold collective bargaining talks.
The committee's report - Leaks and Whistleblowing in Whitehall - looked into the wider questions raised by the arrest in November last year of junior civil servant Christopher Galley and Tory immigration spokesman Damian Green MP in connection with leaks from the Home Office.
Since it is a right then the civil servant has the right to take it after or before delivery, depending on her condition and whether she is capable of doing the work or not.
I WOULD like Mary Pitcairn (Comment of the Day, 6/12) to tell me how any civil servant can have a golden retirement, or indeed any retirement, at the age of 48 or 50.
Dryden had about 568 civil servant employees in the 2004 budget year, but through previous buyouts and normal attrition, that has been reduced to about 495 workers.

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