civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
She said the retreat was part of the efforts to engage the top echelon of the Manpower Management Institutes in the country on the vision of the 2017-2020 Federal Civil Service Strategy and Implementation Plan, as it relates to capacity development and training.
The Congress of Unions of Employees in the Public and Civil Services President Datuk Azih Muda also criticised the World Bank report, saying the public sector has been working hard to ease in the new Pakatan Harapan coalition after it won the May 2018 elections.
At the beginning of the ceremony, Sheikh Khalid bin Omar al Marhoon, Minister of Civil Service, said, 'The ascension of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said led to the beginning of the Blessed Renaissance in 1970 which became the basis of development.
Naidu called upon all the civil services officers to work together in harmony and to extend support to each other for the welfare of the nation.
They demanded the creation of provincial task forces to reform provincial civil services as TORs in federal task force pertaining to provincial and district services were not in line with the spirit of the constitution.
Alejano noted that those who passed these examinations may be appointed into the civil service without the necessity of passing the civil service examinations, except those positions requiring highly specialized knowledge not covered by the ordinary board examinations.
It's simply because resigning from civil service could be an individual's hardest decision.
I want to make a short rant on Question #58 in this year's Civil Service Examination kasi ibang klase talaga 'tong gobyernong 'to ????????
In a statement to TAP on the fringes of his participation in a conference in Hammamet on "the reality of the civil service, governance, development of the civil service and civil servants' training system," he indicated that the reform is part of a joint project between the government and the UGTT to avoid the recorded shortcomings.
The Civil Service rules and regulations allow to set all-inclusive salaries for non-Bahrainis recruited from those countries on a case-by-case basis, as and when needed, to attract highly qualified employees to fill civil service positions, he added.
The "Civil Service Development Strategy for 2019-2025" will be prepared in Azerbaijan.

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