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A popular designation of a legal proceeding between two parties in the courts, instituted by one party to compel another to do himself or herself justice, regardless of whether the action is based upon law or Equity.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a common term for a legal action by one person or entity against another person or entity, to be decided in a court of law, sometimes just called a "suit." The legal claims within a lawsuit are called "causes of action." (See: cause of action, case, suit)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a proceeding in a court of law brought by one party against another.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Unfortunately, the media's efforts to satisfy the public's interest also has generated a number of civil suits against individual law enforcement officers.
In its civil suit, the diocese of Brandon claimed damages of $250,000 for fraud, breach of trust, breach of contract and fraudulent misrepresentation.
The planed national rollout also involves private law practitioners, mediators drawn from various training backgrounds as well as courts.The ADR taskforce will help individual courts set up civil suits screening committees that will determine cases that should proceed into full hearing before courts and those suitable for mediation.
Schneiderman's office filed the separate civil suit against Croman because a criminal conviction for tenant harassment is hard to obtain, so much so that no landlord has ever been found guilty of criminal harassment against a tenant.
According to the civil suit, Scott allegedly opened unsecured lines of credit in Butz's name without his authorization and signature.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals, a Switzerland-based pharmaceutical company, has agreed to pay USD390m to resolve a civil suit filed by the US Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York with regard to the company's interactions with specialty pharmacies for Exjade and Myfortic drugs, it was reported yesterday.
"The Circuit Court failed to account for the purpose and legislative history of the Act--to encourage and empower private citizens to bring a civil suit against the perpetrators of all forms of insurance fraud" argued the Coalition in the brief.
LARNACA DISTRICT criminal court has decided to expand a decree freezing all of Akis Lefkaritis' assets, pending a civil suit filed against him by a 15-year-old girl for sexual harassment.
Zimmerman, cleared late on Saturday by a Florida jury of six women, still faces public outrage, a possible civil suit and demands for a federal investigation.
Toyota Motor Corporation (NYSE: TM)(LSE: TYT)(TYO: 7203), a Japan-based automaker, has agreed to pay USD16m to settle a civil suit with the Orange County District Attorney.
Five technology workers brought the civil suit against Apple, Google Inc., Intel Corp.
At issue is a settlement in the civil suit brought by Diallo--which would allow Strauss-Kahn to avoid the embarrassment of a civil trial and the potential for a jury to order a huge payout.