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1 a person learned in the civil or Roman law.
2 as an adjective, pertaining to the civil or Roman law.
3 a person not in the armed forces.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CIVILIAN. A doctor, professor, or student of the civil law.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"No less then Archbishop Antonio Ledesma of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro supported the resolution, which aims to protect civilians from being subject of attack," the 403IB said in the statement.
UNAMA attributed 52 per cent of all civilian casualties to AGEs, with 38 per cent attributed to Taliban, 11 per cent to Da'esh/Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP), and 3 per cent to unidentified AGEs.
At the same time, the UN Mission attributed 52 per cent of all civilian casualties to anti-Government elements, with 38 per cent attributed to Taliban, 11 per cent to Daesh/Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP), and three per cent to unidentified anti-Government elements.
The report documented 3,812 civilian casualties -- 1,366 deaths and 2,446 injured -- from Jan.
At least 23 percent of civilian fatalities was in Central Luzon and 22 percent in Calabarzon, a region near Metro Manila.
According to the quarterly report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict published by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, 'Civilian deaths attributed to Pro-Government Forces surpassed those attributed to Anti-Government Elements during the first quarter of 2019.' This report presents a holistic picture of the multi-layered sufferings of the Afghan civilians in the hands of the pro-government and anti-state forces.
intelligence officials to report civilian deaths in drone strikes outside of active war zones.
The data showed that ground engagements were the leading cause of civilian casualties, causing approximately one- third of the total.
The media wing of military ISPR told media that the injured civilians were identified as Azmat Bibi, age 55 years, and Baba Jan, son of Ghulam Mohammad, (age 75 years, resident of Mera village).
According to the UN, at least 32,000 civilians have been killed and another 60,000 wounded in the last decade when the organisation began compiling the data.The uptick in violence in 2018 coincides with a significant increase in the number of deaths caused by the deliberate targeting of civilians", according to the report, mostly stemming from suicide attacks by insurgents allied with the Taliban or Daesh.
The UNAMA found that ground engagements were the second leading cause of civilian casualties, followed by targeted and deliberate killings, aerial operations and explosive remnants of war.
The report identifies the victims of these deliberate attacks as including midwifery students and students preparing for university entrance exams; players and spectators at cricket and wrestling matches; worshippers at mosques; humanitarian aid workers; education officials; civilian government staff providing essential services to Afghans, as well as civilians seeking to access those government services; and election workers, and men and women attempting to participate in the electoral process.

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