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n. in legal (not sociological) terms, all those persons in the same category, level of rights (e.g. heirs of dead person who are related by the same degree), or who have suffered from the same incident. Whether a person is part of a class is often crucial in determining who can sue on behalf of the people who have been similarly damaged or collect his/her share if a class action judgment is given. (See: class action)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

CLASS. The order according to which are arranged or distributed, or are supposed to be arranged or distributed, divers persons or things; thus we say, a class of legatees.
     2. When a legacy is given to a class of individuals, all who answer the description at the time the will takes effect, are entitled; and though the expression be in the plural, yet if there be but one, he shall take the whole. 3 M'Cord, Ch. R. 440.
     3. When a bond is given to a class of persons, it is good, and all composing that class are entitled to sue upon it; but if the obligor be a member of such class, the bond is void, because a man cannot be obligor and obligee at the same time; as, if a bond be given to the justices of the county court, and at the time the obligor is himself one of said justices. 3 Dev. 284, 287,289; 4 Dev. 882.
     4. When a charge is made against a class of society, a profession, an order or body of men, and cannot possibly import a personal application to private injury, no action lies; but if any one of the class have sustained special damages in consequence of such charge, he may maintain an action. 17 Wend. 52, 23, 186. See 12 John. 475. When the charge is against one of a class, without designating which, no action lies; as, where three persons had been examined as witnesses, and the defendant said in addressing himself to them, "one of you three is perjured." 1 Roll. Ab. 81; Cro. Jac. 107; 16 Pick. 132.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'The Classer' looks at the work of Australia's early pastoralists - wool classers, scourers and shearers - and brings to life the rich history of the country's wool industry, according to the Gold Coast Bulletin.
"Ces memes dossiers seront soumis a la commission nationale des biens culturels relevant du ministere de la culture pour les classer au patrimoine national", a precise, en outre, Massinissa Ourabah.
Un ensemble d'indicateurs historiques et projetes ont ete utilises afin de classer les villes selon leur niveau d'urbanisation inclusive et le potentiel previsionnel de leur croissance inclusive, selon la source
Apres des efforts assidus l'equipe de chercheurs a l'Institut National des Recherches avec a sa tete le professeur Dr Farouk Kamel Al Baz a reussi a classer l'Egypte sur la liste des pays qui possedent la technologie de la bioenergie.
Il a fait savoir que la Banque a obtenu un nombre de bons classements aux niveaux local, regional et international, en soulignant que la banque a fourni un financement de 23% du portefeuille national notant que cela avait permis de classer le Soudan le deuxieme dans le monde en matiere d'acces aux clients de la microfinance.
Duche-Gavet's study adds much to Reynier's, for as she says of the work, 'on ne peut [le] classer dans aucune categorie litteraire' (p.
Have you ever heard of a middle classer saying how his privilege has helped him, has opened doors and eased his/her passage in life where the working classes graft and suffer for the same equalities?
Ce qui permettra a l'aeroport Houari Boumediene de se classer parmi les infrastructures aeroportuaires internationales les plus securisees.