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Related to classical conditioning: operant conditioning
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Applying the same logic of recent findings in the classical conditioning literature to the operant case, we may speculate that the principle of reinforcement may not be sufficient to account for the acquisition of behavior in general.
This result appears to be at odds with traditional views of CS duration effects on classical conditioning (Balsam & Gallistel, 2009), and does suggest that other learning mechanisms, such as operant conditioning, may be at play in the current studies.
Demonstrating classical conditioning in introductory psychology: Needles do not always make balloons pop.
In: Eyeblink Classical Conditioning, Vol 1: Applications in Humans (Woodruff-Pak D, Steinmetz J, eds).
For example, many modern theories of classical conditioning have adopted an information-processing perspective.
Other feeding problems may result as a function of classical conditioning occurring primarily between food ingestion and gastrointestinal distress.
Since chemotherapy can also cause nausea, researchers have speculated that classical conditioning promotes the nausea and vomiting experienced by at least one in four chemotherapy patients at the sound of the nurse's voice, the sight of the hospital clinic, or other hospital-related cues.
Because classical conditioning helps an organism establish causal relationships between events it has previously experienced and thus provides an evolutionary selective advantage (see, e.
He adds that since the rats are presented with dozens of different odor pairs only a few times each -- and yet, one month later, they still remember which odors correspond to a reward -- their learning is very different from the standard classical conditioning (which involves hundreds of trials with one pair of stimuli) studied in most learning experiments.
Prior investigations into the possibility of either instrumental or classical conditioning in paramecia have reported both positive and negative findings, with some serious questions later raised about the possible lack of proper controls in some of the studies.
The hippocampus, a small bundle of cells deep in the brain, plays an important role in making the learned associations that characterize classical conditioning.
Basic word diagrams have long been used to illustrate classical conditioning in introductory psychology texts and texts in the psychology of learning (e.

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