conditioning

(redirected from classical conditioning)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to classical conditioning: operant conditioning
References in periodicals archive ?
Far better to have both (or all) nonhuman family members safely restrained and have the introduction be a positive classical conditioning experience (or counter-conditioning if one or more of the participants have some prior association with the other's species).
The training techniques popular in the '50s based on Classical Conditioning and on Trial and Error learning became the gold standard of training and still are today.
According to Hothersall (2004), this finding is the first experimental demonstration of classical conditioning in a human.
This factor seemed important to examine for a number of reasons: first, to explore the conditioning of such an abstract stimulus with parameters more typically employed in conditioning studies (Clark & Squire, 1999; Kimble, 1961); second, to establish whether there may be some interaction between reading time and conditioning effects (especially given the well-documented relationship between language and conditioning); and third, as CS duration effects have been seen to influence rates of conditioning, and a shorter CS is typically associated with stronger classical conditioning effects (Balsam & Gallistel, 2009), it might be expected to produce stronger effects than previously noted in this paradigm if the mechanism is classical.
Single-cue delay eyeblink classical conditioning is unrelated to awareness.
That type of result is interpreted as showing that stimulus-outcome associations were established during the initial classical conditioning phase (see also Colwill & Rescorla, 1988; Delamater, 1996; Holland, 2004; Rescorla, 1991, 1992a, 1994, 2000 for other examples of the use of the outcome-based transfer technique).
According to Hunter, the effect looks conspicuously like a classical conditioning phenomenon, wherein prior exposure to the actual drug may have produced the specific prefrontal brain response and subsequent exposure to the cues surrounding drug administration - the relationship with the doctor or nurse, the medical treatment setting, the act of taking a prescribed pill and so forth - came to elicit a similar brain response through 'conditioning' or 'associative learning.
While classical conditioning is no doubt a standard part of most if not all introductory psychology courses, habituation is less prevalent as a topic.
Rachman (1977) proposed that, in addition to the classical conditioning pathway, persistent fear responses may also be acquired through vicarious and informational transmission, although the influence of these pathways appears to vary with different fear types.
In fact, Overmier and Hollis (1990) reported that telencephalon-ablated fish, exposed to high complexity classical conditioning processes, did not display impairment in their performance.

Full browser ?