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This is where cleft sentences come in handy, as their double-clause structure offers not only a split-focus domain with an existential presupposition but, in the case of the inverted pseudocleft, a formal clue to contrastive focus.
His argument against the transposition theory is based on the following properties of cleft sentences found across languages:
Finally, in volume 7 of his Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles (1949), Jespersen suggests a DISCOURSE-FUNCTIONAL explanation for the use of cleft sentences.
Remember that Declerck (1992) claims that cleft sentences and inferentials are specificational; that is, that they specify a value for a variable.
This is a property copular cleft-like sentences share with real cleft sentences.