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A person who employs or retains an attorney to represent him or her in any legal business; to assist, to counsel, and to defend the individual in legal proceedings; and to appear on his or her behalf in court.

This term includes a person who divulges confidential matters to an attorney while pursuing professional assistance, regardless of sub-sequent employment of the attorney. This attorney-client relationship is quite complex and extensive in its scope. One of the key aspects of this relationship is confidentiality of communications. A client has the right to require that his or her attorney keep secret any discussion between them during the course of their relationship that pertains to the matters for which the attorney is hired. This protection extends to a person who might have disclosed any confidential matters while seeking aid from an attorney, whether the attorney was employed or not. If, for example, someone is "shopping" for an attorney to handle a Divorce, the person might reveal certain private information to several attorneys, all of whom are expected to keep such communications confidential.


Attorney-Client Privilege.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

CLIENT, practice. One who employs and retains an attorney or counsellor to manage or defend a suit or action in which he is a party, or to advise him about some legal matters.
     2. The duties of the client towards his counsel are, 1st. to give him a written authority, 1 Ch. Pr. 19; 2. to disclose his case with perfect candor3. to offer spontaneously, advances of money to his attorney; 2 Ch. Pr. 27; 4. he should, at the end of the suit, promptly pay his attorney his fees. Ib. His rights are, 1. to be diligently served in the management of his business 2. to be informed of its progress and, 3. that his counsel shall not disclose what has been professionally confided to him. See Attorney at law; Confidential communication.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In their truest sense, Angola and Nigeria are both rentier and clientage states that have received infrastructure loans and support from China in exchange for petroleum resources.
Urban refugees from different ethnic groups did not have the resources, such as political clientage traditions, agricultural knowledge, and labour power, to negotiate with these actors and did not want to, and therefore addressed themselves to international actors and the state for aid by establishing a "spontaneous camp" in Thuo town.
These kleptocrats throw themselves at the feet of Western plutocracies: they spurn the real source of power -- their own people -- seeking clientage under Western boots.
Tuddenham had no direct ties to the peerage, but his association by marriage in the 1420s to the Wodehouse family brought him into contact with local magnates who were in turn tied to the nobility of Norfolk and Suffolk, including Thomas Beaufort, duke of Exeter, and the successor to Exeter's local clientage, William de la Pole.
On the other hand, the difference between patronage and friendship would be that patrons and clients forma voluntary or compulsory vertical association, in which some form of exchange is mandatory, while friendship is a horizontal and voluntary association in which barter or exchange is not a requisite (Kettering, Friendship and Clientage 145-46).
As participants in clientage, Cassiano--and in turn Poussin--as clients themselves, each owed their patron something in exchange for advancement and protection.
This clientage includes Textile/Spinning Mills, Flour Mills, Sports and Surgical Manufacturers, Garment Factories, Sugar Mills, Ghee Industries and various other industrial projects the number of which runs over fifteen thousand.
Malcolm Walsby presents the debates over clientage briefly and declines to go beyond the most general of remarks: for example, that those in the Laval affinity expected in one way or another to be compensated for their services.
They elevated the interests of the state above all else and so dissolved primordial loyalties and networks of clientage and dependency that still exist in many former-colonial regimes.
In extending his power, Richelieu relied on the traditional instruments of clientage, patronage, suasion, and nepotism.
Perry cites the Boston Daily Globe, for example, which roundly scolded Herne: "The play would be more artistic if the temptation to indulge the taste for sensation had been resisted, but it would perhaps have appealed to a smaller clientage" (245).