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A parcel of land that is surrounded by a boundary of some kind, such as a hedge or a fence. To culminate, complete, finish, or bring to an end. To seal up. To restrict to a certain class. A narrow margin, as in a close election.

A person can close a bank account; a trial may be closed after each lawyer has concluded his or her presentation in the case at bar.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1 private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall.
2 a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard.
3 the entry from the street to a tenement building.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CLOSE. Signifies the interest in the soil, and not merely a close or enclosure in the common acceptation of the term. Doct. & Stud. 307 East, 207 2 Stra. 1004; 6 East, 1541 Burr. 133 1 Ch. R. 160.
     2. In every case where one man has a right to exclude another from his land, the law encircles it, if not already enclosed, with an imaginary fence; and entitles him to a compensation in damages for the injury he sustains by the act of another passing through his boundary, denominating the injurious act a breach of the enclosure. Hamm. N. P. 151; Doct. & Stud. dial. 1, c. 8, p. 30; 2 Whart. 430.
     3. An ejectment will not lie for a close. 11 Rep. 55; 1 Rolle's R. 55 Salk. 254 Cro. Eliz. 235; Adams on Eject. 24.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The scene of the close call for a police officer in Park Lane, Castle Vale
Besides Khawaja Asif's lead in the NA-73 (Sialkot-II) constituency even after recount, NA-74 (Sialkot-III) also observed a close call as PML-N's Ali Zahid won the seat with a margin of 3,501 votes.
Physician leaders can have real impact by instituting formal scrutiny of close calls, encouraging skepticism, flatter hierarchies and "devil's advocate" challenges, and eliminating fault-finding in favor of permanent, physical improvements, he said.
JUBA, South Sudan -- Close calls with crocodiles, a brutal civil war and even the death of a fellow traveler have not deterred a British man from attempting to walk the length of the Nile River.
Global Banking News-June 9, 2011--Lloyds to close call centre in Bridgend(C)2011 ENPublishing -
But it was a close call with his half-back partner Tom Chappell getting three tries.
Airline president Tim Clark said yesterday in Paris that its decision on which engine to buy was "a very close call." He chalked it up to the price factor and the engines being less complex than those of Rolls-Royce.
Global Banking News-November 18, 2010--BOA to close call centre at Wichita(C)2010 ENPublishing -
Our correspondent said authorities consider the incident a "close call" a year after another fatal ferry accident.
Troubled lender West Bromwich Building Society was within a "close call" of being bailed out by the taxpayer in a Dunfermline-style rescue.
David Tribo, chief of the Flight Safety Division, developed the system known as Close Call. Colonel Anzjon said the concept behind the program is simple.