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A parcel of land that is surrounded by a boundary of some kind, such as a hedge or a fence. To culminate, complete, finish, or bring to an end. To seal up. To restrict to a certain class. A narrow margin, as in a close election.

A person can close a bank account; a trial may be closed after each lawyer has concluded his or her presentation in the case at bar.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1 private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall.
2 a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard.
3 the entry from the street to a tenement building.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CLOSE. Signifies the interest in the soil, and not merely a close or enclosure in the common acceptation of the term. Doct. & Stud. 307 East, 207 2 Stra. 1004; 6 East, 1541 Burr. 133 1 Ch. R. 160.
     2. In every case where one man has a right to exclude another from his land, the law encircles it, if not already enclosed, with an imaginary fence; and entitles him to a compensation in damages for the injury he sustains by the act of another passing through his boundary, denominating the injurious act a breach of the enclosure. Hamm. N. P. 151; Doct. & Stud. dial. 1, c. 8, p. 30; 2 Whart. 430.
     3. An ejectment will not lie for a close. 11 Rep. 55; 1 Rolle's R. 55 Salk. 254 Cro. Eliz. 235; Adams on Eject. 24.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Once the shipping companies close down operations, there is nothing that can be done at the ports.
NANU further calls on the government and the Ministry of Health and Social Services to reconsider its decision to close down such progressive institutions.
The NGT had passed the order to close down units of Northern Coalfields Ltd and the embargo on transport of coal already mined as the safety precautions to ensure safe disposal of fly ash from the coalfield were not taken.
Official sources said that the meeting presided over by the chief minister decided to close down some of the companies.
In a statement issued here Thursday, the Bank informed the Pakistan Stock Exchange of the development and told that it will continue to work closely with its US regulators throughout the voluntary liquidation process to ensure that the New York branch is close down in an orderly manner, complying with all applicable laws, a private news channel reported .
"You know it is one of the toughest decisions of the BSP whenever we have to close down a bank.
India-based State Bank of India (NSE: SBI) has said that it is to close down nine foreign branches.
If small private schools continue to close down, FAPSA President Eleazardo Kasilag said that "education shall be a choice between schools for the rich and the free public schools for the poor [because] the affordable private schools for the middle class will simply disappear."
Therefore, he said that the decision to close down the faculty was taken and students were asked to leave the hostels.
They said close down of thousands educational institutions established in forty three cantonment areas by giving false color to SC directives in a case between two private educational institutions regarding construction of a building was not an act of justice.
Global Banking News-August 14, 2017--Barclays to close down branches
Meanwhile, legendary high wire walker Nik Wallenda, who previously worked with Ringling Brothers, told ( Inside Edition that he feels sad they have to close down. "I wouldn't be here if it wasn't for Ringling Brothers.