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A parcel of land that is surrounded by a boundary of some kind, such as a hedge or a fence. To culminate, complete, finish, or bring to an end. To seal up. To restrict to a certain class. A narrow margin, as in a close election.

A person can close a bank account; a trial may be closed after each lawyer has concluded his or her presentation in the case at bar.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1 private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall.
2 a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard.
3 the entry from the street to a tenement building.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CLOSE. Signifies the interest in the soil, and not merely a close or enclosure in the common acceptation of the term. Doct. & Stud. 307 East, 207 2 Stra. 1004; 6 East, 1541 Burr. 133 1 Ch. R. 160.
     2. In every case where one man has a right to exclude another from his land, the law encircles it, if not already enclosed, with an imaginary fence; and entitles him to a compensation in damages for the injury he sustains by the act of another passing through his boundary, denominating the injurious act a breach of the enclosure. Hamm. N. P. 151; Doct. & Stud. dial. 1, c. 8, p. 30; 2 Whart. 430.
     3. An ejectment will not lie for a close. 11 Rep. 55; 1 Rolle's R. 55 Salk. 254 Cro. Eliz. 235; Adams on Eject. 24.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
From this close-quarter hold, you can use your support side elbow to protect your head from incoming strikes.
A spokesman for the Marine Accident Investigation Branch said: "In November we were notified of a close-quarters incident between the Stena Superfast VII and a submarine operating at periscope depth.We have carried out a preliminary assessment of the evidence in this case and the chief inspector of marine accidents has decided to open a safety investigation.
Use the cutter and handle to speed up cutting even when you're not in a close-quarters situation.
Four weeks of specialized training cover basic human relations, police conduct, weapons training, mechanical breaching procedures, and close-quarters combat.
BALAD AIR BASE, Iraq -- In an effort to keep pace with the ever-changing face of close-quarters combat, F-16 Fighting Falcon crews here plan to use a new, lightweight satellite-guided munition soon.
An animal using the magnetic field as a clue for close-quarters navigation must be able to cope, Phillips points out, with the fact that "if you go a kilometer across the earth's surface, the magnetic field changes only about one one-hundredth of a percent."
Four variable-zoom models are available: ZA 3 3-9x40, for lightweight rifles or close-quarters hunting; ZA 5 2-10x40, for a variety of shooting situations; ZA 5 3-15x42, with higher magnification; and ZA 5 4-20x50 SF, with objective parallax side-focus adjustment.
The ILWLP addresses the need by combat and combat support soldiers for a single integrated device to acquire and engage targets with the M9/M11 pistol on the battlefield and in close-quarters combat engagements during limited visibility conditions or in total darkness.
Keys promptly hit back in first-half injury time with a close-quarters try from hard-working number eight Andrew Gibbs.