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Currently there are two basic surgical methods for repairing coarctation in small infants; end to end anastomosis (EEA) and subclavian flap angioplasty (SFA) each with its own various modifications.
The usual presence of arch hypoplasia or tubular coarctation also entails excessive pulling and tension on the suture lines.
In case of critical coarctation of aorta, the preductal saturation is higher than the post-ductal saturation and differential cyanosis exist.
High index of suspicion for coarctation of aorta in any newborn with signs of respiratory distress should be maintained and early detection can result in reduction in the morbidity and mortality associated with a late diagnosis.
Gradient could not be measured on coarctation level.
Aortic coarctation has been estimated to constitute 7% of congenital heart disease.
Coarctation of aorta is usually located in the thoracic aorta just distal to or sometime even proximal to ligament arteriosum.
Coarctation of abdominal aorta was first described by Quain in 1 847,3 however the first modern description of MAS was given by Sen in 19634 who named it as middle aortic syndrome.
Coarctation of the aorta is a relatively common type of congenital heart defect.
As indicated previously, aneurysms involving the sinuses of Valsalva may occur in patients with coarctation of aorta, particularly if a bicuspid aortic valve is present.
CT Thorax revealed circumferential narrowing involving post ductal part of descending aorta suggestive of coarctation of aorta.
Both anatomic continuity and luminal patency of the aorta are preserved in coarctation of aorta.