codes


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CODES, Les Cing Codes; French law. The five codes.
     2. These codes are, 1st. Code Civil, which is divided into three books; book 1, treats of persons, and of the enjoyment and privation of civil rights; book 2, of property and its different modifications; book 3, of the different ways of acquiring property. One of the most perspicuous and able, commentators on this code is Toullier, frequently cited in this work.
     3.-2d. Code de procedure civille, which is divided into two parts. Part 1, is divided into five books; 1. of justices of the. peace; 2. of inferior tribunals; 3. of royal courts; 4. of extraordinary means of proceeding; 5. of execution and judgment. Part 2, is divided into three books; 1. of tender and consignation; 2. of process in relation to the opening of a succession; 3. of arbitration.
     4.-3d. Code de Commerce, in four books; 1. of commerce in general; 2. of maritime commerce; 3. of failures and bankruptcy; 4. of commercial jurisdiction. Pardessus is one of the ablest commentators on this code.
     5.-4th. Code d'Instructions Criminelle, in two books; 1. of judiciary police, and its officers; 2. of the administration of justice.
     6.-5th. Code Penal, in four books; 1. of punishment in criminal and correctional cases, and their effects; 2. of the persons punishable, excusable or responsible, for their crimes or misdemeanors; 3. of crimes, misdemeanors, (delits,) and their punishment; 4. of contraventions of police, and their punishment. For the history of these codes, vide Merl. Rep. h.t.; Motifs, Rapports, Opinions et Discours sur les Codes; Encyclop. Amer. h.t.
     7. Henrion de Pansey, late a president of the Court of Cassation, remarks in reference to these codes: "In the midst of the innovations of these later times, a system of uniformity has suddenly engrossed all minds, and we have had imposed upon us the same weights, the same measures, the same laws, civil, criminal, rural and commercial. These new codes, like everything which comes from the hand of man, have imperfections and obscurities. The administration of them is committed to nearly thirty sovereign courts and a multitude of petty tribunals, composed of only three judges, and yet are invested with the right of determining in the last resort, under many circumstances. Each tribunal, the natural interpreter of these laws, applies them according to its own view, and the new codes were scarcely in operation before this beautiful system of uniformity became nothing more than a vain theory. Authorite Judiciaire, c. 31, s. 10.

References in periodicals archive ?
Denver Community Planning and Development announces the start of a public process to adopt an updated building and fire code, which will include a voluntary green construction code for the first time in the citys history.
The latest revision of International Codes was released in early September.
The 619 area code is expected to use up its available prefixes by March 2019.
The code used in satellite communication as well as in the Voyager mission [7]-[10]was the (2, 1, 6) Odenwalder[11]-[13] convolution codes (Odenwalder 1970[14]-[15]).
The CPUC has started the process to introduce a new area code to the area now served by the 805 area code, as the 805 is now expected to use up its available prefixes by June 2018 due to increased demand.
"By giving them the tools they need to look up their diagnostic codes and find videos and information on repair immediately, we can help people do just that."
If you are in Class A airspace, what is the general rule regarding transponder codes:
NAA/NMHC members interested in providing comment on any of the proposed changes for the Group B codes should download and review the proposed changes or provide comment on the NMHC report once issued.
The humble bar code has come a long way since the first UPC code was introduced in 1974.
The application of these codes is very clear in volume 1 of the ICD-10 coding system.
On its website, the ICC proposes that uniform adoption of its codes would encourage more quality construction.