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COGNATION, civil law. Signifies generally the kindred which exists between two persons who are united by ties of blood or family, or both.
     2. Cognation is of three kinds: natural, civil, or mixed. Natural cognation is that which is alone formed by ties of blood; such is the kindred of those who owe their origin to an illicit connexion, either in relation to their ascendants or collaterals.
     3. Civil cognation is that which proceeds alone from the ties of families as the kindred between the adopted father and the adopted child.
     4. Mixed cognation is that which unites at the same time the ties of blood and family, as that which exists between brothers, the issue of the same lawful marriage. 6; Dig. 38, 10.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Cognation partnership is made up of Neath Port Talbot, Merthyr and Caerphilly councils, Visit Wales and Natural Resources Wales.
While Sutton (2003:219) discusses the reasons for the shift to cognation that characterizes Aboriginal kinship in much of settled Australia, he does not relate cognation to Aboriginal perceptions of continuity and discontinuity and the tendency to represent practice on the principle: 'is now, always has been'.
It is to be hoped that the technical nature of this fine volume will not prevent it from reaching the broad readership it deserves and that it will succeed in stimulating future research on and analysis of cognation and social organization not only in Southeast Asia but also in other regions.
The development is a partnership between Cognation and mtb trails South Wales, with Bike Park Wales selected to operate, develop, build and manage the facility on Forestry Commission Wales land.
tuwarni- alternative explanations are available so that the cognation of the forms and hence the putative PIE root *dhuer- become doubtful.
Soon she finds herself a stranger to the neighborhood as her father speaks no Shanghainese, whereas her mother, an orphan, refuses either to speak the local language or to reunite with her cognations.