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An agreement between two or more people to defraud a person of his or her rights or to obtain something that is prohibited by law.

A secret arrangement wherein two or more people whose legal interests seemingly conflict conspire to commit Fraud upon another person; a pact between two people to deceive a court with the purpose of obtaining something that they would not be able to get through legitimate judicial channels.

Collusion has often been used in Divorce proceedings. In the past some jurisdictions made it extremely difficult for a couple to obtain a divorce. Often a "sweetheart" agreement would take place, whereby a husband or wife would commit, or appear to commit, Adultery or other acts that would justify a divorce. The public policy against collusive divorces is based on the idea that such actions would conflict with the effective administration by society of laws on marriage and divorce and would undermine marriage as a stabilizing force in society.

Virtually all jurisdictions have adopted no-fault divorce statutes or laws that allow a couple to obtain a divorce without traditional fault grounds, such as adultery or cruel and inhuman treatment. Because of this development, collusive divorces should diminish in number, since it will no longer be necessary for persons seeking a divorce to resort to such measures.

The fundamental societal objection to collusion is that it promotes dishonesty and fraud, which, in turn, undermines the integrity of the entire judicial system.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. where two persons (or business entities through their officers or other employees) enter into a deceitful agreement, usually secret, to defraud and/or gain an unfair advantage over a third party, competitors, consumers or those with whom they are negotiating. Collusion can include secret price or wage fixing, secret rebates, or pretending to be independent of each other when actually conspiring together for their joint ends. It can range from small-town shopkeepers or heirs to a grandma's estate, to gigantic electronics companies or big league baseball team owners. (See: fraud)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a deceitful or unlawful agreement. In England it is not a bar to an action of divorce. In Scotland it is still a defence to an action of divorce.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

COLLUSION, fraud. An agreement between two or more persons, to defraud a person of his rights by the forms of law, or to obtain an object forbidden by law; as, for example, where the husband and wife collude to obtain a divorce for a cause not authorized by law. It is nearly synonymous with @covin. (q.v.)
     2. Collusion and fraud of every kind vitiate all acts which are infected with them, and render them void. Vide Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 416, 450; 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 130, 133; 2 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 51; Bousq. Dict. de Dr. mot Abordage.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The court stated that, as the did the Lang court, that plaintiffs may abuse Rule 68 by acting collusively, but that so too may a defendant use unanimous acceptance to the defendant's tactical advantage.
In each instance, affinity disguises the degree to which Sutpen's narratives are collusively cryptic.
Instead of collusively reciting/reproducing its message of Empire loyalty and colonial obedience, she exposes its political purpose, teaching the text within the context of its Jamaican provenance, highlighting its affective meaning within the crucially different contexts of its production and consumption.
The Latin word colludere ("to play with," "act collusively") elucidates three main ways in which the trope of collusion functions within the complex constructions of Rochefort's narrative.
The firms would thus want to limit their advertising outlays collusively. Individually, of course, this is constantly challenged by a prisoners' dilemma type of incentive to cheat unless the collusion can somehow be made credible.
Acting individually and collusively through the NMTBA, machine tool firms set and defended prices high enough to build reserves that carried them over long slack periods and funded product development.
Speaking at a press club on Friday, SCA representatives Qabool Mohammad Khatian, Zahid Bhurgary and others said sugar mills working collusively had closed their mills.
early 1960s, the specter of a collusively litigated mass accident class
Given this, it would be a sheer stupidity to expect if this social club of the Arab autocracies would come in any real sense to the rescue of the beleaguered Gazans, being clobbered by a wicked Israeli military and its vile political leadership so ruthlessly over these past several days with the world community largely looking on silently, if not collusively. Those demons are out to exterminate the Gazans slowly, bit by bit, to exact a devastating pain of lives lost and limbs maimed.
1993) (rejecting any exemption of universities from substantive antitrust scrutiny in the context of collusively determining financial aid); Madison et al., supra note 31, at 395--96 (discussing the antitrust litigation against universities).
(268) The Court emphasized the industry-wide nature of the practice, which (in the Court's view) allowed the incumbents to act "collectively, even though not collusively," to prevent new entry.
The inquiry was completed vide a report dated 21 July 2010, which concluded that the above mentioned five undertakings had collusively bid for the tender in question.