collusion

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Collusion

An agreement between two or more people to defraud a person of his or her rights or to obtain something that is prohibited by law.

A secret arrangement wherein two or more people whose legal interests seemingly conflict conspire to commit Fraud upon another person; a pact between two people to deceive a court with the purpose of obtaining something that they would not be able to get through legitimate judicial channels.

Collusion has often been used in Divorce proceedings. In the past some jurisdictions made it extremely difficult for a couple to obtain a divorce. Often a "sweetheart" agreement would take place, whereby a husband or wife would commit, or appear to commit, Adultery or other acts that would justify a divorce. The public policy against collusive divorces is based on the idea that such actions would conflict with the effective administration by society of laws on marriage and divorce and would undermine marriage as a stabilizing force in society.

Virtually all jurisdictions have adopted no-fault divorce statutes or laws that allow a couple to obtain a divorce without traditional fault grounds, such as adultery or cruel and inhuman treatment. Because of this development, collusive divorces should diminish in number, since it will no longer be necessary for persons seeking a divorce to resort to such measures.

The fundamental societal objection to collusion is that it promotes dishonesty and fraud, which, in turn, undermines the integrity of the entire judicial system.

collusion

n. where two persons (or business entities through their officers or other employees) enter into a deceitful agreement, usually secret, to defraud and/or gain an unfair advantage over a third party, competitors, consumers or those with whom they are negotiating. Collusion can include secret price or wage fixing, secret rebates, or pretending to be independent of each other when actually conspiring together for their joint ends. It can range from small-town shopkeepers or heirs to a grandma's estate, to gigantic electronics companies or big league baseball team owners. (See: fraud)

collusion

noun abetment, act of working together, agreement, agreement for fraud, alliance, association, cabal, chicanery, coadjuvancy, coagency, collaboration, combination for fraud, combined operation, complicity, complot, concert, concord, concurrence, confederacy, conjunction, conlusio, connivance, conspiracy, contrivance, contriving, cooperation, cooperation for fraud, counterplot, covin, deceit, deceitful agreement, deceitful compact, deceitfulness, deception, duplicity, foul play, fraud, fraudulence, guile, hoax, illegal pact, intrigue, intriguery, joint effort, joint planning, junction, knavery, league, liaison, participation, participation in fraud, perfidy, plotting, praevaricatio, schemery, scheming, secret association, secret fraudulent understanding, secret unnerstanding, secret understanding for fraud, synergism, treachery, trickery, underhand dealing, underplot, union
Associated concepts: collusion in divorcing a spouse, colluuion in obtaining the grounds of a divorce, collusion in procurement of a judgment, collusion to create diversity of citizenship, collusive action, collusive effort, collusive suit, connivance, conspiracy
See also: bad faith, bribery, cabal, coaction, confederacy, connivance, conspiracy, contribution, contrivance, deceit, fraud, machination, plot

collusion

a deceitful or unlawful agreement. In England it is not a bar to an action of divorce. In Scotland it is still a defence to an action of divorce.

COLLUSION, fraud. An agreement between two or more persons, to defraud a person of his rights by the forms of law, or to obtain an object forbidden by law; as, for example, where the husband and wife collude to obtain a divorce for a cause not authorized by law. It is nearly synonymous with @covin. (q.v.)
     2. Collusion and fraud of every kind vitiate all acts which are infected with them, and render them void. Vide Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 416, 450; 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 130, 133; 2 Greenl. Ev. Sec. 51; Bousq. Dict. de Dr. mot Abordage.

References in periodicals archive ?
The argument that lawyers are acting collusively to fix the price of tort claiming is open to a number of objections.
Unlike the previous examples, the female figure here is neither gazing abstractedly toward nature nor collusively toward the viewer.
The judge said the rule ``was adopted collusively with the specific intent to circumvent the terms of the injunction.
The third type of analysis compares the level and stability of net income for individual Rochester hospitals during and after the HEP While many forces impact on net income, a pattern of participation in the HEP to collusively raise and stabilize hospital margins may be evident.
The firms would thus want to limit their advertising outlays collusively.
burden to present admissible evidence which tends to exclude, by a preponderance of the evidence, the possibility that the (Defendants) acted independently rather than collusively.
Given this, it would be a sheer stupidity to expect if this social club of the Arab autocracies would come in any real sense to the rescue of the beleaguered Gazans, being clobbered by a wicked Israeli military and its vile political leadership so ruthlessly over these past several days with the world community largely looking on silently, if not collusively.
268) The Court emphasized the industry-wide nature of the practice, which (in the Court's view) allowed the incumbents to act "collectively, even though not collusively," to prevent new entry.
The inquiry was completed vide a report dated 21 July 2010, which concluded that the above mentioned five undertakings had collusively bid for the tender in question.
31 /PRNewswire/ -- In response to tobacco company data released by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health yesterday, Laurie Fenton, president of Lung Cancer Alliance, stated: "By deliberately and collusively continuing to increase the nicotine content in cigarettes to addict more people to smoking, tobacco company executives have been operating like racketeers preying on society and they must be required to pay the price of their actions.