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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.


noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
indicated that the average alterations of fatigue severity index in the combinational exercise group was significant (p < .
For now, combinational technology will offer medical oncologists a choice of additional treatment, although there still remains a need to search for a technology that can substitute surgery.
We will discuss in the next session the use of QCA structure to form simple combinational circuits.
In this section, is introduced new multilevel partitioning algorithm for combinational Boolean networks.
If you are interested in more information on this Market Insight on Interventional Oncology - Combinational Technologies , please send an email to Anna Zanchi, Corporate Communications, at anna.
The contributors propose a genetic program to predict future foreign exchange rates, an artificial life-based vegetation modeling approach for biodiversity research, an evolutionary framework for self-organization of smart appliance ensembles, and combinational circuit design with estimation of distribution algorithms.
Considering the existing demands in the country for housing, if we can use combinational models including the private sector, capital provider companies, trade and development banks, people sresources and foreigninvestments, we may hope we will be able to remove the housing concerns of Iranian people .
Emphasizing design principles that can be applied to practical applications, this self-contained tutorial employs the Verilog hardware description language (HDL) to explain the analysis and synthesis of combinational and sequential logic circuits.
The CLC peripherals on the PIC10F(LF)32X and PIC1XF(LF)150X MCUs enable software control of combinational and sequential logic, which increases the on-chip interconnection of peripherals and I/Os, thereby reducing external components, saving code space and adding functionality.
Combining Huawei's technological core skills in optical transmission with Global Marine's experience in marine installation and maintenance has been a truly remarkable combinational set of skills that has helped realize this milestone," explained Bayliff.
They cover digital logic gates, Boolean algebra and logic gates, combinational logic gates, number systems, conversions, codes, binary addition and subtraction, digital timing and signals, sequential logic gates, counters and shift registers, data conversion, and advanced digital concepts.