combination

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Combination

In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.

combination

noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
There is still a long way to go, but we believe there is a promising future of combinational therapy.
The mathematical-logical relationship for each of the elements generated by the LFSR component is presented in Table 2, as an array of combinational operations that describe the parallel multiplier model.
An additional task of combinational logic is to check the individual results of the modules for inconsistency and to undertake to correct the error measure responsible for the discrepency if necessary.
Consider the combinational stochastic circuit with the k input streams [X.sub.1], [X.sub.2], ..., [X.sub.k] and an output stream Z.
Next we will evaluate and analyze the HZMB using a combinational balanced risk index model.
Finally, in vivo evaluation further demonstrated the synergistic effect of the combinational delivery of BA and Ptx with the most significant tumor growth inhibitory effect.
Table 4: Distribution of vacA genotypes, cagA status, and combinational vacA-cagA genotypes in dental plaque from H.
Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the combinational effect of low NaCl and NaN[O.sub.2] concentration on inhibiting Salmonella growth in processed meat products with probabilistic models.
Each CLB module can not only be used to implement combinational logic and sequential logic, but also can be configured for distributed RAM and distributed ROM.
According to Viriom, efficacy and safety studies have shown that Elpida has high virologic and immunologic efficacy in combinational therapy and significantly increased safety compared to currently used NNRTI drugs, as well as excellent virus mutation stability.
What a DJ does is purely "combinational" creativity, or putting familiar ideas together in unfamiliar ways.
Some of these can be broadly classified as (1) cognitive-behavioral, (2) motivational interviewing, (3) contingency management interventions, and (4) combinational (Bradizza, Stasiewicz, & Dermen, 2014).