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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.


noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
To the best of my knowledge," Landsberg says, "this nonlineardynamics/physics approach to combinatorial games is something of a radical departure from what the folks who work on such games normally do.
A method for sampling combinatorial chemistry library space, Sar Qsar Environ.
Consequently, there is no one "generic" plastics program and, to explore the value of combinatorial chemistry, it was first necessary to define the context of the development program.
2] [right arrow] N that are combinatorial and eventually c.
ChromaXome has also developed specialized gene transfer tools and a sophisticated proprietary high throughput screening technology designed for combinatorial biosynthesis libraries.
The endeavor to create an integrated combinatorial chemistry system (like that of a turnkey biotech system) continues.
The use of combinatorial methods sped up the implementation of their strategy.
for example, has a research and development pact with Pharmacopeia in which the latter will provide combinatorial chemistry support for several Sandoz drug discovery programs.
In fact, Kauer and other researchers have already incorporated the combinatorial coding strategy into artificial noses that they are constructing.
The strength, promise, and speed of combinatorial chemistry techniques have, over the past two years, transported it from the realm of a "hot" (though not new) technology in 1995 to an accepted way of performing drug discovery by nearly the universe of pharmaceutical and biotech companies in 1997.
Combinatorial chemistry and technology; methods and applications, 2d ed.

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