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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.


noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
This press release contains forward-looking statements concerning the potential of Isis' combinatorial drug discovery program.
Tripos introduced the first software designed specifically for combinatorial chemistry early last year for UNIX workstations.
Keywords in this release: smart materials, technology, high-throughput screening, HTS, combinatorial chemistry, nanotechnology, defense, aerospace, healthcare, electronics, semiconductor, smart glass, automotive sector, computer industry, read/write head micropositioners, plastics, polymers, ceramics, shape memory alloys, electroactive materials, electrostrictive materials, Magnetostrictive materials, smart gels.
In Krishna and Rosenthal (1996), it is shown that the simultaneous sealed-bid second-price auction with two objects and a single global bidder outperforms a corresponding combinatorial auction when synergies are present.
A combinatorial Euclidean space is a combinatorial system [C.
This review provides an introduction to combinatorial chemistry and its application to organic coating development.
These design techniques greatly enhance the effectiveness of high efficiency methods by directing and focusing the combinatorial libraries.
Ferenc Darvas, President and Founder: Combinatorial Chemistry, Facing the Challenge of Micro- and Nanochemistry; Dr.
US demand for combinatorial chemistry products and services will increase over twelve percent annually to $4 billion in 2006.
The technique, combinatorial chemistry, employs the rapid use of small-scale instrumentation to evaluate environmentally friendly processing methods.
OVERVIEW: Combinatorial research methods are fundamental to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries.

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