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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.


noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
mu]v)([kappa][lambda])] is the Riemannian metric in the combinatorially Riemannian manifold ([?
The cell is not hard wired, therefore a "wiring diagram" only provides, after much analysis, a combinatorially rich repertoire of circuit modules, particular subsets of which are selected by particular environments.
Furthermore, combinatorially entailed difference relations are unspecified.
combinatorially combining the first and second values to generate a triple precision arithmetic value.
the number of stimuli in between two stimuli in a derived combinatorially entailed relation; see e.
A polytope is called inscribable if it is combinatorially equivalent to a polytope that has all its vertices on a sphere.
All of those materials have established the pseudo-manifold geometry and combinatorially Finsler geometry or Riemannian geometry.
The remaining nine cysteine residues were individually and combinatorially converted to serine residues, which identified four cysteines near the catalytic pocket that cooperatively maintain JAK2's catalytic activity.
Analysts need to find interesting subspaces (subsets of variables) out of a combinatorially explosive number of possible subspaces in a high-dimensional dataset.
Combinatorially entailed relations pertain among three or more related stimuli.
They must all be standing out and I must be engaged in a combinatorially exploding exercise of sorting the myriads of neutral facts into those that are, and those that are not, relevant for what I am doing.
GAs are used in software testing to solve maximization and minimization problems that are combinatorially complex and which do not lend themselves to standard algorithmic techniques.

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