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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
It has been proved in [5] and [7] that there exists a unique connection [??] on ([??], g) such that ([??], g, [??]) is a combinatorially Riemannian geometry.
Specifically, many exemplars of training were needed to establish even mutually entailed opposite relations and training combinatorially entailed opposite relations was even more difficult.
combinatorially combining the first and second values to generate a triple precision arithmetic value.(327) According to the Training Materials, Claim 1 "is not limited to a practical application."(328) In particular, the Training Materials suggest,
However, this does not solve the problem at the logical level (the user is confronted with a combinatorially exploding number of versions).
"Polyhedron" is, or was, vague in just the way that "religion" is, combinatorially vague.
[19] Ivan, S.: Complexity of atoms, combinatorially. Inform.
A polytope is called inscribable if it is combinatorially equivalent to a polytope that has all its vertices on a sphere.
In our game, the number of defender strategies, that is, patrol schedules, grows combinatorially, generating a scale-up challenge.
All of those materials have established the pseudo-manifold geometry and combinatorially Finsler geometry or Riemannian geometry.
The remaining nine cysteine residues were individually and combinatorially converted to serine residues, which identified four cysteines near the catalytic pocket that cooperatively maintain JAK2's catalytic activity.
Similarly, one could in principle model by any number of methods--physical chemical, probabilistic, etc.--the signaling pathways leading from receptor occupancy to gene activation, with all the various posttranslational modifications and their dependence on the state of the cell, terminating in the modulation of sets of genes combinatorially regulated by sets of transcription factors.

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