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In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.


noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
The origin of this tendency has to be found again in the popular tradition among L2 teaching materials developers that more advanced learners are better prepared to acquire them since lexical collocations entail learning difficulties due to their combinatory restrictions.
11) FrameNet annotations for these verbs instantiate the most typical combinatory affordances of a predicate, as evidenced by the following sentences:
Subjection of the selected endophytic bacterial isolates to a combinatory of morphological, biochemical and physiological characterization and 16S rRNA gene sequencing provided the taxonomic status of the isolates.
The parallel combinatory operation, which is located before the sub-block division in the conventional PC-OFDM system, is shifted behind the sub-block division in our novel system.
For a long time the conclusion seemed justified that the involvement of this artist with precisely these forms with such problematic combinatory properties was of an extremely artificial character and might even be termed 'un-natural'.
Her topics include main theorems, connections to lambda-calculi, dual and symmetric combinatory logics, and typed combinatory logic.
This project will use a combinatory therapeutic approach involving clinically-used drugs and bioengineered scaffolds that will aim to enhance the survival, proliferation, neural differentiation, and migration of neural precursor cells to repopulate the lesion site.
This exploration is structured on a combinatory series of objects based on an adapted 'menger sponge'--principle (Fig.
Stirling's studios at Yale offered him both an opportunity to experiment with his own ideas--a 'laboratory to test alternative combinatory strategies', according to curator Emmanuel Petit--and inculcate his ideas in several younger generations of America's best and brightest.
In a combinatory phrase found throughout the New Testament, the scribe is linked pejoratively with the Pharisees.
The combinatory effects of using Euclidean measurements and geographic zip-code centroids in health care research is unknown.