Combination

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Combination

In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from combinatory therapies with chemo-, radio-, or targeted therapy, the anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy combined with other immunotherapies also is an attractive approach for NSCLC treatment [100-102].
One such claims, for instance, was the idea--embraced by Calvino--of language as the result of a combinatory practice, deprived of any ontological quality.
When comparing the effects of combinatory exposure to the calculated sum of the effects induced by the individual exposures, an additive trend was observed, as for the effects of environmental chemicals alone [46].
Data and Models for Statistical Parsing with Combinatory Catagorial Grammar.
A foreign singer performing in German will have to choose either the "old-fashioned" or the "modern" pronunciation; the "modern" pronunciation being rather challenging since it requires knowing which variant to use in certain positions (known as "combinatory variants").
In conclusion, the 3-Benzylchroman derivative Brazilin showed in vitro synergy of bactericidal activities against MRSA when combined with Aminoglycosides, which might be beneficial for combinatory therapy of MRSA infection.
Penman-Fao method is made by some reforms on Peman method and is a combinatory formula.
Racism and speciesism can be conceived as discursive vectors that produce 'biopolitical matrices, combinatory formations and interlacing descriptors' the animal and the native are transfixed under a series of disparate yet deeply interconnected signs: the slaveable, the fungible, the feral, the undomesticable, the rogue, the monstrous, the carcass (2013, pp.
They assert that innovation will accelerate at an exponential rate because of three factors: continued exponential advances in computing power, pervasive digitization, and the combinatory nature of innovation.
For example, having participants brainstorm on their own and then bring their ideas to a group discussion can access both the power of individual creativity and the combinatory possibilities of collaboration.
She posits integration as an alternative model to assimilation; the former eschews forcible absorption in favour of a "combinatory process that desegregates in order to produce a newly unified system" (34).
In his classic work Combinatory Analysis, MacMahon [8, page 54] proves the following theorem: