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A parcel of land that is surrounded by a boundary of some kind, such as a hedge or a fence. To culminate, complete, finish, or bring to an end. To seal up. To restrict to a certain class. A narrow margin, as in a close election.

A person can close a bank account; a trial may be closed after each lawyer has concluded his or her presentation in the case at bar.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1 private property, usually enclosed by a fence, hedge, or wall.
2 a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard.
3 the entry from the street to a tenement building.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CLOSE. Signifies the interest in the soil, and not merely a close or enclosure in the common acceptation of the term. Doct. & Stud. 307 East, 207 2 Stra. 1004; 6 East, 1541 Burr. 133 1 Ch. R. 160.
     2. In every case where one man has a right to exclude another from his land, the law encircles it, if not already enclosed, with an imaginary fence; and entitles him to a compensation in damages for the injury he sustains by the act of another passing through his boundary, denominating the injurious act a breach of the enclosure. Hamm. N. P. 151; Doct. & Stud. dial. 1, c. 8, p. 30; 2 Whart. 430.
     3. An ejectment will not lie for a close. 11 Rep. 55; 1 Rolle's R. 55 Salk. 254 Cro. Eliz. 235; Adams on Eject. 24.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'The way he's playing at the moment, it's difficult to see anyone coming close to him.
Liam Daish's Blue Square Premier outfit started well and came close early on with Michael Gash and Jamie Hand both coming close.
DON'T even think of coming close to me next Monday.
Nuneaton had the best chances with Andy Parker and Jason Fairchild both coming close to giving Nuns the opener but it was Rugby who raced into a three-goal interval lead.
Wick tested their hosts early, with Philip Green coming close with a 25- yard shot in 32 minutes before keeper Don MacMillan made a brilliant save from Huntly's Richard Craig soon after.
For a moment I thought it was some sort of reunion, but as their various owners paid and moved off in different directions, I realised that we must surely be coming close to market saturation.
Yesterday, flames 60 feet high raced towards Sydney, blackening bushland and coming close to suburbs within a mile of the city's central area.
East Stirling started well and dominated the first 20 minutes with Brown Ferguson coming close.
As elsewhere, technology shares came in for an early battering with Eircom performing particularly badly by coming close to its 12-month low.
Both sides had chances to win the game with Cheltenham coming close through a 30-yard piledriver from veteran Alan Wright and a Steven Gillespie effort which came back off a post with Budtz beaten.
Accies came into it after the break, with tricky winger Jose Quitongo coming close with a drive which flew just past, but Jags spurned a great chance on 70 minutes to extend their lead.
BARNSLEY defender Scott Jones was last night rewarded with a new three-and-a-half-year contract - just 12 months after coming close to turning his back on the Tykes.