Community

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COMMUNITY. This word has several meanings; when used in common parlance it signifies the body of the people.
     2. In the civil law, by community is understood corporations, or bodies politic. Dig. 3, 4.
     3. In the French law, which has been adopted in this respect in Louisiana, Civ. Code, art. 2371, community is a species of partnership, which a man and woman contract when they are lawfully married to each other. It consists of the profits of all, the effects of which the husband has the administration and enjoyment, either of right or in fact; of the produce of the reciprocal industry and labor of both husband and wife, and of the estates which they may acquire during the marriage, either by donations made jointly to them, or by purchase, or in any other similar way, even although the purchase he made in the name of one of the two, and not of both; because in that case the period of time when the purchase is made is alone attended to, and not the person who made the purchase. 10 L. R. 146; Id. 172, 181; 1 N. S. 325; 4 N. S. 212. The debts contracted during the marriage enter into the community, and must be acquitted out of the common fund; but not the debts contracted before the marriage.
     4. The community is either, first, conventional, or that which is formed by an express agreement in the contract of marriage itself; by this contract the legal community may be modified, as to the proportions which each shall take, or as to the things which shall compose it; Civ. Code of L. art. 2393; second, legal, which takes place when the parties make no agreement on this subject in the contract of marriage; when it is regulated by the law of the domicil they had at the time of marriage.
     5. The effects which compose the community of gains, are divided into two equal portions between the heirs, at the dissolution of the marriage. Civ. Code of L. art. 2375. See Poth. h.t.; Toull. h.t.; Civ. Code of Lo. tit. 6, c. 2, s. 4.
     6. In another sense, community is the right which all men have, according to the laws of nature, to use all things. Wolff, Inst. Sec. 186.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Outside are well kept communal gardens with lawns and shrub beds, a communal parking area, bin area and lighting.
"A desperate and frustrated Congress party in Punjab is endangering peace and communal harmony in the state through a brazen resort to violence, terror and open incitements to communal hatred between the sisterly communities of the Hindus and the Sikhs in Punjab," said SAD president Sukhbir Singh Badal in a statement.
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Social Welfare Minister and Workers Party President Rashed Khan Menon Friday called upon all pro- liberation forces to resist communal forces to take the country ahead, reports BSS.
Sabah's controversial communal land titles will soon be abolished to make way for individual native titles, said Chief Minister Datuk Seri Mohd Shafie Apdal.
"The payment of rent and communal charges by a statutory tenant falls under the jurisdiction of the Rent Control Court"
RESIDENTS in Cardiff say they have been told they can't leave furniture in their communal gardens or the council will remove it.
Cardiff council said the measures will keep communal areas safe and allow other residents to enjoy them.
Summary: State releases funds for compensation to victims of communal violence
Communal riots broke out in Kolkata, West Bengal, after rival processions by Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and West Bengal's ruling Trinamool Congress marking the birth of the Hindu god Rama.