Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
All the scar tissue should be excised from the recipient site leaving a healthy raw surface to receive the auricular composite graft. The use of electrocautery should be avoided as possible.
After design with marking pen of the required auricular tissue in the ear, local anesthetic without epinephrine is injected around the designed composite graft avoiding any hydrodissection of the skin off the cartilage (Figure 3).
The authors presented their experience with ITA and saphenous vein composite grafts used in 8 patients because of insufficient length, inadequate flow and inadequate diameter of the distal third of ITA.
Perichondrium/cartilage composite graft for repairing large tympanic membrane perforations and hearing improvement.
* The second consideration was that the sizable surface area of the scar would make excision problematic because a composite graft that was large enough to cover the ensuing raw surface would be unlikely to survive.
[3.] Milewski C (1993), Composite graft tympanoplasty in the treatment of ears with advanced middle ear pathology.
The major therapeutics used in the treatment of MSDs are biologics, corticosteroids, parathyroid hormone, protein therapy, selective estrogen receptor modulators, synthetic bone graft, composite grafts, demineralized bone matrix, BMPS, orthobiologics and others.
Several techniques have been reported as case reports and not as case series, many more refer to composite grafts and flaps harvested from the scalp, and others are extremely complex and are not justified for the use because they do not provide any advantage for the patient.
Composite Grafts. Composite grafts can be harvested from contralateral upper or lower eyelid to provide a replace like-with-like.
They first cover fundamentals like anatomy of the skin, physiology, biomechanics, patient preparation, flap classification and design, types of flaps, skin and composite grafts, z-plasty, and the use of skin grafts with local flaps, then detail the reconstruction of various organs and adjunctive surgery, including controlled tissue expansion.
Potential donor site for osteocutaneous free flaps is the vascular system supplied by the subscapular artery, where a lateral or medial segment of the scapula can be included in composite grafts.11,12 Other flaps, such as the lateral arm flap and the radial forearm flap, can also be modified as an osteofasciocutaneous flap when a bone segment from the lateral and distal humerus or from the radius is included.13,14 Another potential donor site for microvascular bone segments is the iliac crest, but its curvature limits reconstruction of long diaphyseal bone or requires multiple osteotomies.15
We present the experience of LITA and saphenous vein composite grafts use in 8 patients, that underwent CABG between April 2000 and October 2004, in whom other arterial grafts were not harvested due to limitations of time or special circumstances.