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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Orifici, "Experimental investigation of damage progression and strength of countersunk composite joints," Composite Structures, vol.
Santiuste, "On the prediction of bolted single-lap composite joints," Composite Structures, vol.
[9], it indicates that the energy dissipation capacity of the composite joint is closely related to the construction details of the joint.
Further finite element analysis and theoretical investigation on the mechanical properties of the new type of the composite joint are planned by the authors.
The influence of tilting direction for double-bolt composite joints can be classified into 6 different patterns after taking into account the symmetry of the structure.
The failure modes of a composite joint are affected by the formation of the web anchorage plate and the extension length of the vertical plate.
Stanley, "An experimental study of bolt-hole clearance effects in double-lap, multi-bolt composite joints," Composite Structures, vol.
Li et al., "The preparation and mechanical properties of carbon/carbon composite joints using Ti-Si-SiC-C filler as interlayer," Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol.
Their topics include bolted joints in glass-reinforced aluminum and other hybrid fiber metal laminates, the stress analysis of bolted composite joints under multi-axial loading, effects of temperature on the response of composite bolted joints, simulating fracture in bonded composite joints using cohesive zone models, the strength of bonded overlap composite joints in marine applications, and high strain rate behavior of bonded composite joints.
This research is to understand the mode II fracture behavior of adhesive-bonded composite joints using pultruded GFRP 4-ENF specimens.
Among specific topics are cyclic performances of shear connectors, steel fiber reinforced continuous composite slabs, designing and testing two composite underspanned beams, the strength of concrete-filled historic cast-iron columns, designing anchor plates based on the component method, harmonizing design rules in Europe, composite joints in robust building frames, and where steel and concrete meet in the heat.

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