compurgation


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compurgation

noun absolution, acquittal, acquittance, alibi, benefit of doubt, clearance, defeat of the prosscution, defense, dismissal, exculpation, excuse, favorable verdict to the defendant, innocence, just cause, justification, legal defense, liberation, pardon, reprieve, verdict of not guilty, vindication, withdrawal of the charge
See also: acquittal, deposition, justification, pardon, release

compurgation

the medieval procedure by which a person could defend a claim or charge by giving his oath and being supported by compurgators, usually 12 in number. They testified that they believed the person who called them and did not speak to the facts of the case, as is the modern procedure.
References in periodicals archive ?
24) "By a series of statutory enactments, known as assizes, Henry transformed the jury into a genuine instrument of justice" (25) while banning trial by compurgation for most felonies and requiring most felony prosecutions to proceed by ordeal.
Hutson's aside about compurgation being "medieval folklaw," however, seems odd.
The response from mainstream society to quotidian and frequent interaction between members of the three religions consisted in a manipulation of this concept to protect their women from Muslim and Jewish men and avoid the compurgation that, in fact, seems to characterize the popular orders.
Helmholz, 'Crime, compurgation and the courts of the medieval church', in Canon Law and the Law of England (London, 1987), p.
Kichynman claimed he had already cleared himself of this charge through compurgation.