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n. an explanation of the law governing a case which the judge gives orally to the jury after the attorneys have presented all the evidence and have made final arguments, but before the jury begins deliberations.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


another word, used mainly in the USA, for the judge's CHARGE to a jury.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

INSTRUCTION, French law. This word signifies the means used and formality employed to prepare a case for trial. it is generally applied to criminal cases, and is then called criminal, instruction; it is then defined the acts and proceedings which tend to prove positively a crime or delict, in order to inflict on the guilty person the punishment which he deserves.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
* - in the absence of specific contractual provisions, the acts referred to in points (a) and (b) of Article 4 (1) shall not require authorisation by the rightholder where they are necessary for the use of the computer program by the lawful acquirer in accordance with its intended purpose, including for error correction;
The court devised a three prong "abstraction-filtration-comparison" test, (51) when deciding the issue of computer program copyright infringement.
They checked computer programs. They made sure that their robots had plenty of battery power.
Example: Domestic corporation X licenses rights to a computer program (the master license agreement) to domestic corporation Y for use in computers and similar and related equipment that Y employs in connection with its business or that it manufactures and markets to customers.
As for whether computer-implementable inventions have a technical character, the Commission believes that all computer programs are by definition technical, because a computer is a machine.
Presently, the de minimis rule applies only to services relating to a computer program. Because these types of services can be included in a more comprehensive contract for other services or goods, the draft should be clarified to apply the de minimis rule to services relating to a computer program provided within the context of a broader supply.
Grad emphasizes the importance of treating the computer program as an activity, rather than a technology, to generate and maintain interest.
Calderone lingered in a coma following a devastating stroke, his adult daughters, faced with the question of whether to put him on life support, turned to a computer program called LifePath.
The tangible assets of a dot-com are generally a computer program and a Web address.
Buro Happold set itself a target -- to develop a computer program to do this.

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