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Comradeship is differentiated from friendship in that individuals participate parallel to, rather than with, the other.
In Simmelian terms, middlers engaged in comradeship or personal relationships mediated through an activity or group membership are actually participating in a triad rather than a dyad.
Although friendship and comradeship are distinct forms of interaction, the dominant approach consistent with the literature appears to be comradeship.
The group that middlers are joining in the practice of comradeship is that of men within a specific culture.
This research also tests whether friendship and comradeship are different and distinct forms of personal relationships expressed in purposeful interaction.
Working within a gender relations framework, I seek to determine whether support can be found for demonstrating that friendship and comradeship are separate and distinct forms of interaction rather than expressions of some normative role or biologically determined sex-related behaviors.
Having chosen to work with a seemingly homogenous group of men, middlers, I seek to determine whether variation exists among them as to their practice of friendship, its dimensions, and comradeship.
Finally, if validation of the constructs of hegemonic complicity, friendship, and comradeship is determined, I test the hypothesis that middlers whose identity is more complicit with hegemonic masculinity will tend to practice comradeship while those whose identity is less complicit will tend to practice friendship both in general or in specific instances.
I recognize that the assumed causal ordering of hegemonic complicity leading to comradeship or friendship, or identity leading to interaction, is simplistic.
The survey included questions selected from some other instruments (O'Neil, 1981) and new questions that probed the theorized dimensions of hegemonic masculinity as well as the dimensions of friendship and the qualities of comradeship.
In order to approach the four primary research questions--are friendship and comradeship different forms of freely chosen interaction, do middlers vary both among and within themselves in their interactive approaches, can hegemonic complicity be shown to include the dimensions of ideal type, hierarching, and subordination of women and womanlike traits, and finally do middlers vary in their choice of friendship and comradeship as determined by their degree of hegemonic complicity--I employed exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis as well as OLS regression and structural equation modeling.
I submitted the interactional items in the questionnaire to exploratory factor analysis in order to determine whether support could be found for my contention that friendship and comradeship are different forms of interaction.