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The process of adjusting or settling disputes in a friendly manner through extra judicial means. Conciliation means bringing two opposing sides together to reach a compromise in an attempt to avoid taking a case to trial. Arbitration, in contrast, is a contractual remedy used to settle disputes out of court. In arbitration the two parties in controversy agree in advance to abide by the decision made by a third party called in as a mediator, whereas conciliation is less structured.

Conciliation is used in labor disputes before arbitration and may also take place in several areas of the law. A court of conciliation is one that suggests the manner in which two opposing parties may avoid trial by proposing mutually acceptable terms. In the past, some states have had bureaus of conciliation for use in Divorce proceedings.The federal government has established the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, an independent department devoted to settling labor disputes by conciliation and mediation, or settlement of disputes through the intervention of a neutral party.


Alternative Dispute Resolution.


noun abatement of differences, accommodation, accord, accordance, adaptability, agreement, appeasement, arrangement, compact, compliance, compromise, concert, concession, conciliatio, concord, concurrence, conformability, conformity, consonance, cooperation, entente, harmony, league, mediation, mutual accord, mutual agreement, mutual concession, mutual understanding, negotiation, pacification, peacemaking, placation, propitiation, reconcilement, reunion, satisfaction, settlement, settlement of differrnces, solidarity, submission, truce, unanimity, uniformity, union, unity
Associated concepts: conciliation in a marriage
See also: accordance, amnesty, arbitration, collective bargaining, compact, condonation, intercession, mediation, mollification, peace, reconciliation, settlement


settlement out of court, usually by the assistance of a neutral third party. There is a current trend to use this method in family matters relating to children. It is already well established in employment matters. See ADVISORY CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION SERVICE.
References in periodicals archive ?
1956), "Government Conciliation in Labour Disputes: Some Recent Experience in Ontario", Revue Canadienne d'Economique et de Science Politique , 22(4): 523-34.
In case the Conciliation Board failed to bring about consensus and conciliation in a dispute then the dispute could be referred to a court for the necessary trial and adjuration.
A conciliation conference is intended to afford taxpayers a quick and inexpensive means of resolving tax disputes without the need for a formal hearing in the DTA [20 NYCRR section 4000.
A key starting point is to explore the different meanings of the two main forms of non-arbitration processes of relevance to this paper, conciliation and mediation.
The service became known as the Conciliation and Advisory Service.
One hopes that in a "communion" that at times appears hopelessly fractious over issues that have been debated for decades, the newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury will strike a pose of pastoral conciliation rather than one that underscores differences and controversy.
It next outlines the demise of this sentiment by mapping the relative successes and failures of this group in the face of increasingly staunch Catholic resistance to both compromise and conciliation in the Habsburg court.
Where there is third-party intervention, most settlements are reached at the initial conciliation stage, or after a return to direct bargaining following conciliation.
The Commission's recommendations led to an uneasy truce: neither union recognition nor a contract was firmly established, but new standards on reduced hours and pay rates were mandated and a conciliation board created to deal with ongoing grievances.
Other institutions, most notably the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS), have been created.
Conciliation specialists in those offices aid civic leaders, police administrators, business executives, and school administrators in addressing race-related problems.