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The process of adjusting or settling disputes in a friendly manner through extra judicial means. Conciliation means bringing two opposing sides together to reach a compromise in an attempt to avoid taking a case to trial. Arbitration, in contrast, is a contractual remedy used to settle disputes out of court. In arbitration the two parties in controversy agree in advance to abide by the decision made by a third party called in as a mediator, whereas conciliation is less structured.

Conciliation is used in labor disputes before arbitration and may also take place in several areas of the law. A court of conciliation is one that suggests the manner in which two opposing parties may avoid trial by proposing mutually acceptable terms. In the past, some states have had bureaus of conciliation for use in Divorce proceedings.The federal government has established the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, an independent department devoted to settling labor disputes by conciliation and mediation, or settlement of disputes through the intervention of a neutral party.


Alternative Dispute Resolution.


noun abatement of differences, accommodation, accord, accordance, adaptability, agreement, appeasement, arrangement, compact, compliance, compromise, concert, concession, conciliatio, concord, concurrence, conformability, conformity, consonance, cooperation, entente, harmony, league, mediation, mutual accord, mutual agreement, mutual concession, mutual understanding, negotiation, pacification, peacemaking, placation, propitiation, reconcilement, reunion, satisfaction, settlement, settlement of differrnces, solidarity, submission, truce, unanimity, uniformity, union, unity
Associated concepts: conciliation in a marriage
See also: accordance, amnesty, arbitration, collective bargaining, compact, condonation, intercession, mediation, mollification, peace, reconciliation, settlement


settlement out of court, usually by the assistance of a neutral third party. There is a current trend to use this method in family matters relating to children. It is already well established in employment matters. See ADVISORY CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION SERVICE.
References in periodicals archive ?
However the research suggests that fees are a major deterrent for individuals taking their claims to employment tribunals, with around at least one in four claimants whose cases are not settled by early conciliation being put off from further action by the costs.
equate conciliation with arbitration, these institutions provide an
Miss Kemp, an assistant solicitor within the employment team at Worcestershire law firm mfg Solicitors, said: "Since May, the majority of Employment Tribunal claims cannot be pursued unless Early Conciliation has been tried.
Early Conciliation has been designed to resolve workplace disputes including, unfair dismissal claims, workplace discrimination, and payment disputes.
The approval for withdrawal of the conciliation proceedings will now be set to the Cabinet again for approval after which " the Income Tax authorities will proceed as per provisions of the Income Tax Act to collect the outstanding demand from".
Consequent to the aforementioned developments, there had been an increasing tendency amongst disputants to raise a token mandatory industrial dispute before the conciliation officer with the purpose of obtaining a reference for a summary judgement.
In a bid to prevent a tanker drivers' strike which is threatening to disrupt supplies, conciliation service Acas has invited unions and oil companies to talks.
The Air Line Pilots Association, International (ALPA), representing pilots employed by Air Transat, a division of Transat AT, announced yesterday that a conciliation commissioner has been appointed to oversee negotiations between the pilots and their employer.
The conciliation talks has been convened by Chief Labour Commissioner S K Mukhopadhyay.
Conciliation in healthcare; managing and resolving complaints and conflict.
Mediation, conciliation and emotions; a practitioner's guide for understanding emotions in dispute resolution.
These activities, including required conciliation attempts, are directed by HUD's standards, which are based on law, regulation, and best practices.