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This curial adage--with whom in the past Concordats were criticized as mutual concessions of privileges between Church and State--is still relevant today?
The Concordat signed in 1927 was and still is a fundamental document regulating the diplomatic relations and the religious matters between the Holy See and Romania.
In studying the impact of the Second Vatican Council on the utilization of concordats to regulate Church-state relations, one encounters an apparent paradox: On the one hand (as will be seen in this article), no teaching is as congenial as that of the Council to concordats; on the other hand, some observers have contended that the Council rang the death bell of the concordat era.
Godman provides a fascinating view of the drafting of Mit Brennender Sorge ("With Deep Anxiety"), which Pius XI issued in 1937 to condemn Nazi violations of the 1933 concordat. Three German cardinals, Adolf Bertram, Michael von Faulhauber and Karl Joseph Schulte, and two bishops, Conrad Graf von Preysing and Clemens von Galen, were summoned to Rome to draft the encyclical.
The concordats also regulate recognition of marriages, public school catechisms, and military chaplains.
The Catholic Church has concluded nearly two hundred concordats since 1122, when it tried to resolve the Investiture Controversy.
William Roberts's account of the Concordat of 1801 and its consequences shows clearly enough the mixture of political and religious factors involved.
Social security spokesman Alex Neil said: "The SNP are demanding that the Scottish Parliament can amend the terms of these concordats otherwise they are more akin to Westminster- imposed diktats."
The ruling coalition split over the proposed concordat with the Vatican which would have allowed employees to refuse to carry out certain duties if they claimed that to do so would violate their religious beliefs.
Concordats between the Assembly and Whitehall departments need to be more regularly updated to take account of legislative change.'
The primary objective of these relations is to defend freedom of worship, sometimes recognized in individual countries through concordats or Church-state agreements.