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The association or banding together of two or more persons for the purpose of committing an act or furthering an enterprise that is forbidden by law, or that, though lawful in itself, becomes unlawful when made the object of the confederacy. More commonly called a conspiracy. The union of two or more independent states for the purpose of common safety or a furtherance of their mutual goals.


a combination of groups or individuals for unlawful purposes.

CONFEDERACY, intern. law. An agreement between two or more states or nations, by which they unite for their mutual protection and good. This term is applied to such agreement between two independent nations, but it is used to signify the union of different states of the same nation, as the confederacy of the states.
     2. The original thirteen states, in 1781, adopted for their federal government the "Articles of confederation and perpetual union between the States," which continued in force until the present constitution of the United States went into full operation, on the 30th day of April, 1789, when president Washington was sworn into office. Vide 1 Story on the Const. B. 2, c. 3 and 4.

CONFEDERACY, crim. law. An agreement between two or more persons to do an unlawful act, or an act, which though not unlawful in itself, becomes so by the confederacy. The technical term usually employed to signify this offence, is conspiracy. (q.v.)

CONFEDERACY, equity pleading. The fourth part of a bill in chancery usually charges a confederacy; this is either general or special.
     2. The first is by alleging a general charge of confederacy between the defendants and other persons to injure or defraud the plaintiff. The common form of the charge is, that the defendants, combining and confederating together, to and with divers other persons as yet to the plaintiff unknown, but whose names, when discovered, he prays may be inserted in the bill, and they be made parties thereto, with proper and apt words to charge them with the premises, in order to injure and oppress the plaintiff in ti e premises, do absolutely refuse, &c. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 40; Coop. Eq. Pl. 9 Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 29; 1 Mont. Eq. Pl. 77; Barton, Suit in Eq. 33; Van Heyth. Eq. Drafts, 4.
     3. When it is intended to rely on a confederacy or combination as a ground of equitable jurisdiction, the confederacy must be specially charged to justify an assumption of jurisdiction. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 41; Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 30.
     4. A general allegation of confederacy is now considered as mere form. Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 29; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4169.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the face of advancing Union forces, the Confederates shipped most of the gold out of New Orleans before the city was captured in April; but the banks still owned their specie, and their notes were still "backed" by their expected redemption values.
This action allowed the Union army to reestablish its combat strength, take the offensive, and rout the Confederates from their positions, leaving Chattanooga in the hands of the Union and the Confederate army weakened from a terrible loss.
The occurrence of partially altruistic or labor-exchange interactions under shared contingencies could be a result of various degrees of reciprocity induced by confederates. Therefore, it seems necessary to evaluate the systematic effect of reciprocity induction on dyadic interactions involving shared contingencies, with or without exchange of valuables.
The southern states were known as as the Confederates and the blue diagonal cross against a red background represented their battle flag.
A plaque will be unveiled next month in Liverpool, where the rebel Confederates had an embassy.
But Lincoln's reference to "these honored dead" was not about the fallen Confederates. Yes, in the end they became Americans again.
Juni and Roth (1985) asked male and female confederates wearing either brunette or blond wigs to encounter male and female street pedestrians and solicit money.
Juni and Roth (1985) asked male and female confederates to approach men and women in the street and to solicit them for spare change.
But critics of Black Confederates like Winbush say they are dupes being used by racists.
Why Confederates Fought: Family & Nation in Civil War Virginia.
"Crimson Confederates: Harvard Men Who Fought for the South" is an impressive 408-page compendium in which academician and American Civil War scholar Helen P.

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