confirmation


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confirmation

noun acceptance, accord, acknowledgment, acquiescence, admission, affirmance, affirmation, approval, assent, assurance, attestation, authentication, authorization, averment, avouchment, certification, corroboration, corroborative statement, declaration, deposition, endorsement, legal pledge, oath, proof, sanction, seal, solemn averment, solemn avowal, solemn declaration, stamp of approval, subscription, support, swearing, validation, verification, visé, warrant
Associated concepts: confirmation of judgment, confirmaaion of sale
Foreign phrases: Non valet confirmatio, nisi ille, qui connirmat, sit in possessione rei vel juris unde fieri debet confirmatio; et eodem modo, misi ille cui confirmatio fit sit in possessione.Confirmation is not valid unless he who confirms is either in possession of the thing itself or of the right of which confirmation is to be made, and, in like manner, unless he to whom confirmation is made is in possession. Confirmatio est nulla ubi donum praecedens est invalidum. Confirmation is a nullity where the preceding gift is invalid. Confirmatio omnes supplet defectus, licet id quod actum est ab initio non valuit. Confirmation supplies all defects, though that which had been done was not valid at the beginning.
See also: acceptance, acknowledgment, admittance, affirmance, affirmation, approval, assent, asseveration, averment, avowal, certainty, certification, charter, collation, confession, consent, contract, corroboration, disclosure, document, documentation, evidence, indorsement, jurat, legalization, license, permit, proof, ratification, recommendation, reference, sanction, subscription, support, surety

confirmation

in the Scots law of succession, the official document that allows the executor to administer the estate. It reproduces the inventory of the estate submitted by the executor. The confirmation includes heritage and is effective throughout the whole of the UK. It affects property outside Scotland if the deceased had been domiciled in Scotland. A simpler form is available for small estates.

CONFIRMATION, contracts, conveyancing. 1. A contract by which that which was voidable, is made firm and unavoidable.
     2. A species of conveyance.
     2. - 1. When a contract has been entered into by a stranger without authority, he in whose name it has been made may, by his own act, confirm it; or if the contract be made by the party himself in an informal and voidable manner, he may in a more formal manner confirm and render it valid; and in that event it will take effect, as between the parties, from the original making. To make a valid confirmation, the party must be apprised of, his rights, and where there has been a fraud in the transaction, he must be award of it, and intend to confirm his contract. Vide 1 Ball & Beatty, 353; 2 Scho. & Lef. 486; 12 Ves. 373; 1 Ves. Jr. 215; Newl. Contr. 496; 1 Atk. 301; 8 Watts. R. 280.
     3. - 2. Lord Coke defines a confirmation of an estate, to be "a conveyance of an estate or right in esse, whereby a voidable estate is made sure and unavoidable; or where a particular estate is increased."
     4. The first part of this definition may be illustrated by the following case, put by Littleton, Sec. 516; where a person lets land to another for the term of his life, who lets the same to another for forty years, by force of which he is in possession; if the lessor for life confirms the estate of the tenant for years by deed, and afterwards the tenant for life dies, during the term; this deed will operate as a confirmation of the term for years.. As to the latter branch of the definition; whenever a confirmation operates by way of increasing the estate, it is similar in every respect to a release that operates by way of enlargement, for there must be privity of estate, and proper words of limitation. The proper technical words of a confirmation are, ratify and confirm; although it is usual and prudent to insert also the words given and granted. Watk. Prin. Convey. chap. vii.
     5. A confirmation does not strengthen a void estate. Confirmatio est nulla, ubi donum precedens est invalidum, et ubi donatio nulla est nec valebit confirmatio. For confirmation may make a voidable or defeasible estate good, but cannot operate on an estate void in law. Co. Litt. 295. The canon law agrees with this rule, and hence the maxim, qui confirmat nihil dat. Toull. Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 3, c. 6, n. 476. Vide Vin. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. 11. t.; Ayliffe's Pand. *386; 1 Chit. Pr. 315; 3 Gill & John. 290; 3 Yerg. R. 405; Co. Litt. 295; Gilbert on Ten. 75; 1 Breese's R. 236; 9 Co. 142, a; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2067-9.
     6. An infant is said to confirm his acts performed during infancy, when, after coming to full age, be expressly approves of them, or does acts from which such confirmation way be implied. Sec Ratification.

References in periodicals archive ?
Currently, Confirmation helps 1.5m users across 170 countries confirm more than USD 1tn in financial data every year.
Two examples presented in The Confirmation Process are: (1) significant, unusual year- end transactions that are material or (2) where the respondent is the custodian of a material amount of the client's assets.
A functional focus of the new xSuite version is the extended workflow for processing order confirmations. User companies repeatedly emphasize how important it is to view business processes as a whole.
Confirmation bias is one type of cognitive bias, which occurs when the brain is processing information and tries to simplify complex data.
The BSP charter states: 'The Governor of the Bangko Sentral shall be head of a department and his appointment shall be subject to confirmation by the Commission on Appointments.'
Carale and also explain that, 'Congress cannot by law expand the confirmation powers of the Commission on Appointments and require confirmation of appointment of other government officials not expressly mentioned in the first sentence of Section 16 of Article VII of the Constitution,'' he said.
She asserts that the letter does not meet the statutory requirement that "defendant's insurer [must] provide" written confirmation. Allstate seeks to dismiss the appeal based on lack of proper notice.
As 2018 meandered toward Christmas recess, lame duck Republican Senator Flake degraded a 51-49 Republican-majority Senate into a 50-50 split, triggering the first ever confirmation of a federal judge by a 51-50 Vice-President-tie-breaking vote.
The students could check the confirmation of their admission from the University's website.
Forty-seven percent of residents and 62 percent of likely voters said they were following the confirmation process "very closely."
Synopsis: In polling conducted as allegations of sexual assault against him were surfacing, 39% of Americans were in favor of and 42% opposed to Senate confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court.
Tourism Secretary Bernadette Romulo-Puyat breezed through her confirmation hearing with no member of the Commission on Appointments (CA) committee on tourism and economic development raising any questions or objections.