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To expropriate private property for public use without compensating the owner under the authority of the Police Power of the government. To seize property.

When property is confiscated it is transferred from private to public use, usually for reasons such as insurrection during a time of war or because the private property had been used in illegal activities. A person convicted of violating the Internal Revenue Code by carrying untaxed cigarettes may suffer the penalty of confiscation of any property used in the crime—as, for example, a truck.

Confiscation differs from Eminent Domain and condemnation in that the person from whom private property is taken is not compensated for its value at the time of confiscation.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


v. to take one's goods or property without legal right, although there may appear to be some lawful basis. In the case of a government seizing property, it may include taking without the just compensation as guaranteed by the Constitution. There are some acts of legal confiscation, such as taking an automobile used in illegal drug traffic. (See: condemnation, theft)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
There are also confiscation after 2010, which mostly are for building military camps by the Myanmar army,' he added.
Land confiscation in Myanmar became a major issue under the previous military government, with estimates of as many 800,000 hectares or more of land seized from farmers and other civilians without compensation.
For its part, the independent Sudanese Journalists Network (SJN) said the mass confiscations of the newspaper constitutes "major setback against press freedoms".
BEIRUT: Tension ran high Sunday at the Juveniles' building in Lebanon's largest prison, the Roumieh prison complex, northeast of Beirut, over the confiscation of mobile phones and other banned items, the National News Agency reported.
That brought this year's confiscation total to pounds 24 million - the highest since the legislation was introduced.
While the co-operation between the financial administration and Gestapo ensured that the state became the main beneficiary of the post-1938 confiscations, the bureaucratic process of expropriations unfolded at a strikingly slow pace: The processing of many cases was still incomplete when Soviet armies encircled Berlin in 1945.
Confiscation of religious property in the sixteenth century is most often studied with reference to Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries in England.
Rather than improving individual property rights, Peter blurred a variety of existing distinctions and endangered the long-run stability of all reforms through arbitrary confiscation. Peasant agriculture was held back of a law requiring that all holdings must be bequeathed in toto to a single heir.
Meanwhile, the independent Sudanese Journalists Network (SJN) has described the mass confiscations of newspapers as "press massacre".
The EU missions in Jerusalem and Ramallah express deep concern, once again, at an increasing number of demolitions and confiscations of Palestinian structures in Area C in recent days.