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CONFLICT. The opposition or difference between two judicial jurisdictions, when they both claim the right to decide a cause, or where they both declare their incompetency. The first is called a positive conflict, and the, latter a negative conflict.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
We then simulate effects of coefficients of converting conflicts to benefits ([mu]) and the loss caused by conflicts ([eta]) on effort levels ([e.sub.l], [e.sub.2]), under conflicting and nonconflicting conditions.
Negotiation is integral to compromise and collaboration, and consists of efforts to manage the give and take between two conflicting parties to either a partially satisfying (i.e., compromising) or fully satisfying (i.e., collaborative) solution.
Gross, Guerrero & Alberts (2004) also discussed distributive strategies which include controlling, dominating (Canary & Cupach, 1988; and Canary, Cupach, & Serpe, 2001) and contending as well as avoidance strategies, i.e., non-confrontational, inactive, and withdrawal strategies which the conflicting parties use to shut down communication or distract from conflict issues (Bacal, 2004; De Dreu, Evers, Beersma, Kluwer, & Nauta, 2001).
It is already provoking conflicting points of view and feelings Topics of conflict are arising between and within, societies.
* Conflicting Perceptions--Just as people can have conflicting styles, they can also have conflicting perceptions.
In this school, the distribution of power and the decision-making mechanisms resulted in what could be termed a "conflicting ideological agenda" between what existed and what was needed to create a school infused with a "culture of mediation."
Many organizations tend to rely on a traditional system that depends heavily on adversarial and costly process that in many cases do not meet the underlying needs of the conflicting parties.
For the past decade, the most compelling hypothesis has been that moms and dads have conflicting interests when it comes to passing on their genes.
The integrative component represents the extent to which the behavior is trying to maximize the total outcomes for the conflicting parties together; the size of the joint pie is at stake, also called "creating value" (Lax & Sebenius, 1986).
A second way an executive is alerted of conflict is when one or both of the conflicting parties approach him or her with complaints about the other.