confounded

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To control for this statistical confoundedness that besets the research corpus to date, this study estimates the effect of financial aid on freshmen retention at a moderately selective, public university using propensity score-matching in multi-stage regression analyses.
I doubt very much if even a native-born Afghan could make sense of such confoundedness as presented by the following instructions (and I'm certainly not making them up):
Readers will pay active attention to material that incorporates humor, if for no other reason than they don't know what to expect next, and this confoundedness in turn encourages real learning.