In persons with diabetes mellitus (n= 37), we found hypoglycaemia in 11 persons (29.7%) followed by nonhaemorrhagic stroke in 7 persons (18.9%) as the cause of acute confusional
Francis, "Diagnosis of delirium and confusional
Delirium is an acute and fluctuating confusional
state which is common in older adults admitted to hospital.
Among the univariate logistic regression analyses of the 11 neuropsychiatric manifestations seen in the study, acute confusional
state ( P < 0.001), cerebrovascular disease ( P = 0.003), and seizure disorder ( P = 0.006) were more likely to be present in the MRI abnormal group, with a headache more likely in the MRI normal group ( P = 0.026).
A foggy, disoriented state, also called confusional
arousal, that occurs when the body beats the brain out of bed.
A diagnosis of acute confusional
state secondary to malignant hypertension and severe hyperglycemia was made and the patient was started on intravenous (IV) fluids in the form of 0.9% saline, insulin and labetalol infusion.
"Toxic and metabolic encephalopathies may range in severity from the acute confusional
state to frank coma," McCoyd added.
falciparum is not uncommon and it encompasses cerebral malaria, myelitis and post malarial neurological syndrome characterized by an acute confusional
state, acute psychosis, inappropriate speech, visual hallucination, convulsion, tremor, and hypotonia.
Staring spells and confusional
states are manifestations of either an Absence or Complex Partial seizure.
There are possible adverse reactions, including nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, conjunctival suffusion, nasal congestion, headache, rash, pruritus, dyspnea, tonic toxic confusional
states, cardiac arrhythmias, systemic hypotension, and gastrointestinal side effects.
Figure 1(b) represents a confusional
area between [c.sub.i] and [c.sub.j], and this area becomes meaningless when there are few common features and when there is also low correlation between [c.sub.i] and [c.sub.j].
These symptoms, called migraine equivalents, include benign paroxysmal torticollis (episodes of uncontrollable neck twisting) of infancy, benign paroxysmal vertigo of infancy, abdominal pain, cyclic vomiting, aura without migraine, and confusional