The OED dates the second definition of confute
(to put to silence) to 1614, but given the aptness of this definition, it is reasonable to ponder that Shakespeare might have intended the word in this way.
Relatedly, in the second part, the author confutes
the recent arguments given by Marcia Cavell, Thomas Nagel, and others, to establish that psychoanalytic causal explanations of irrationality are epistemically justified, because they are extensions of the desire-cum-belief pattern of accounting for intentional actions.
Such work often confutes
rapture with a retro-glamour and decadence: its setting can be baroquely noirish, jazzy-decadent; or mannered and exotically ascetic--adjectives I attach with no value put on the quality of the poetry they characterize.
Justification especially confutes
the "religion of productivity" and its assumptions of doctrinaire optimism and predestination.
the current shibboleth of the urgent need for the United States to spread "democracy" throughout the world.
The young man's insistence on the abortion confutes
his entire upbringing.
As he had never before signified any such thing to any body, and also, tho' conscious to himself that he had his wife with Child a long time before their marriage Yet, after all, he took the regular way of proclamation & Marriage which openly confutes
his present pretension.
The all-too-visible hand of state intervention confutes
the '30s, Chicago School model of urban ecology, which is based on social-Darwinist notions of predation, invasion, and succession.
Such reluctance at this point confutes
the opinion that, back in Egypt, Moses knew that he was a Hebrew and, for that reason, intervened in the beating and fight involving Hebrews there.
This "remarkable volte face' confutes
the "widespread tendency among Hobbes's commentators to write as if the governing assumptions of his civil philosophy remained at all times fundamentally the same" (p.