I have chosen here to focus on understanding recognition in emic terms, and to examine its relevance to conjugality
in a time of AIDS on that basis.
(2) See Arvind Rajagopal, "Advertising as Political Ventriloquism: Agency, Corporation and State in India's Branded Market", unpublished essay; Douglas Haynes, "Selling Masculinity: Advertisements for Sex Tonics and the Making of Modern Conjugality
in Western India, 1900-1945", South Asia, Vol.
(106) Since same-sex marriages remain scantly recognized around the world, (107) sexual minorities are often compelled to demonstrate this threshold of conjugality
in order to access the same sponsorship benefits as legally wed couples.
More research is necessary in the domain of alternative forms of conjugality
and their implications in terms of relational outcomes, in light of the sometimes contradictory results of existing studies.
In opposition to Immigration Equality's reliance upon the affective draw and institutional legitimacy of an established family reunification discourse, QEJ's "Vision Statement" (which has been circulated around the websites of various local grassroots immigration groups) first advocates for a expanded definition of kinship ties; current definitions, the statement avers, abandon "those who do not define themselves within conventional relationships like marriage or conjugality
" (QEJ, 2012).
One is consent-based, that marriage is to "promote any romantic pair-bond," and the other is based on conjugality
, that marriage is to promote "a comprehensive ...
Looking beyond conjugality
in marriage and its alternatives
In addition to these forms, the Court recognizes the existence of other forms of conjugality
, but refuses to grant or extend to these forms too, all the rights and freedoms granted to persons who are married.
(289.) See Law Comm'n of Can., Beyond Conjugality
: Recognizing and Supporting Close Personal Adult Relationships 89 (2001), available at http://www.samesexmarriage.ca/docs/ beyond_conjugality.pdf.