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148) This light of natural reason, by which we discern what is good and what is bad, is not a discursive light but the light of reason judging by connaturality on the basis of the human inclinations of our nature.
64) His advocacy for the irreducible role of affectivity in human consciousness draws deeply on a 20th-century strand of transcendental Thomism (beginning with Pierre Rousselot and including Rahner) that sees in this Heideggerian notion of attunement a means to appropriate the Thomistic notion of connaturality.
The principal thesis of this text is straightforward: "[T]hat the intellect knows intelligibles by an act of abstraction from the images formed by the brain in response to the data of the external senses, and that this act of abstraction depends on a preconceptual connaturality with the object known which derives not principally from our biological, but rather from our social nature" (p.
But whereas theology is a discursive knowledge of the things that flow from faith, the gift of wisdom is an immediate knowledge of divine things by connaturality.
Now rectitude of judgment is twofold: first, on account of perfect use of reason, secondly, on account of a kind of connaturality with the matter about which one has to judge.
He argues that knowledge through connaturality accords with an esthetic pleasure that involves both intellect and will, understanding and emotion.
Almost all supervenience talks of efficient causation, but suppose downward causation were of four kinds: formal, material, efficient, final, and suppose the best analogue of socially downward causation (and the best paradigm for the mystical or religious) were the ethical (not as efficient but formal or final causation): as an emergent property of the face-to-face relation (Levinas), ethics commands us from above in a downward causation, an ought that we feel, a transcendence that comes neither from prior (immanent) cognition nor (immanent) volition (which is one way to interpret Aquinas's connaturality [Summa Theologiae II-II, q.
My article aims to investigate, in three stages, the nature and function of other modes of affective cognition through connaturality in Aquinas's moral anthropology.
Thomas's doctrine of affective connaturality, beyond which Maritain had extrapolated the mode of knowing and judging inherent in the fine arts, such as poetry, art, and fiction writing.
Arraj concludes this section by wondering if connaturality allows for a universal, mystical experience for all who seek and love the Divine.
Thomas remarked that the gifts are supernatural habits because they enable us to operate with a certain connaturality "toward things divine," and that we can be rendered connatural to divine things only if we are "properly disposed by a permanent and habitual inclination.
Rousselot's ideas on connaturality (sympathetic knowing) would have helped R.