connivance

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Connivance

The furtive consent of one person to cooperate with another in the commission of an unlawful act or crime—such as an employer's agreement not to withhold taxes from the salary of an employee who wants to evade federal Income Tax. The false consent that a plaintiff gave to a defendant's past conduct during their marriage which the plaintiff presently alleges as a ground for Divorce.

Connivance has been used as a defense primarily in an action for divorce based upon Adultery. In situations where connivance is used, the facts must establish that the plaintiff either consented or knowingly acquiesced to the adulterous conduct of the spouse or created the opportunity for adultery by persuading someone to seduce the spouse. It is considered a logical extension of the equitable Maxim of clean hands in that it would be unfair to permit a plaintiff to obtain judicial relief for a situation which he or she created. Practically speaking, however, connivance is rarely asserted as a defense. The modern trend in divorce laws is that there is little benefit to continuing a marital relationship between partners so indifferent to each other that they consent to a serious violation of their marital vows.

The defense of connivance cannot be asserted in an action based upon a state's no-fault divorce laws.

connivance

noun act of maneuvering, act of schemmng, alliance, association, chicanery, coagency, coincidence, collaboration, collusion, combined operation, complicity, complot, concert, concord, concurrence, concurrent opinnon, confederacy, conjunction, conspiracy, contrivance, cooperation, corrupt agreement, corrupt collusion, corrupt consent, corrupt consenting, corrupt cooperation, implied assent, indulgentia, intrigue, joint effort, joint planning, junction, league, liaison, machination, manipulation, plot, scheme, secret approval, underhand particiiation, underhanded complicity, underplot, voluntary overright, working together
Associated concepts: connivance as a defense to a divorce
See also: artifice, bad faith, bribery, cabal, collusion, confederacy, conspiracy, contrivance

connivance

the tacit encouragement of or assent to another's wrongdoing, for example, the petitioner in a divorce suit to the respondent's adultery. See also LENOCINIUM.

CONNIVANCE. An agreement or consent, indirectly given, that something unlawful shall be done by another.
     2. The connivance of the husband to his wife's prostitution deprives him of the right of obtaining a divorce; or of recovering damages from the seducer. 4 T. R. 657. It may be satisfactorily proved by implication.
     3. Connivance differs from condonation, (q.v.) though either may have the same legal consequences. Connivance necessarily involves criminality on the part of the individual who connives, condonation may take place without implying the slightest blame to the party who forgives the injury.
     4. Connivance must be the act of the mind before the offence has been committed; condonation is the result of a determination to forgive an injury which was not known until after it was inflicted. 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 350.
     5. Connivance differs, also, from collusion (q. Y.); the former is generally collusion. for a particular purpose, while the latter may exist without connivance. 3 Hagg, Eccl. R. 130. Vide Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 449; 3 Hagg. R. 82; 2 Hagg. R. 376; Id. 278; 3 Hagg. R. 58, 107, 119, 131, 312; 3 Pick. R. 299; 2 Caines, 219; Anth. N.P. 196.

References in periodicals archive ?
On voit bien la, sinon une connivence, du moins une complementarite de Daniel et son pere.
Cette connivence intervient essentiellement aux niveaux culturel et ludique.
Vazquez Veiga (1994/95) lo denominan en fin de connivencia, basandose en el enfin de connivence del que hablan A.
Hence his appeal to the reader not so much for sympathy or compassion but for connivence.
Still at work in Paris, the city of her birth, she recently oversaw the installation of "Charlotte Perriand, Fernand Leger: une connivence," a survey exhibition focusing on her collaborations with the painter that recently opened at the Musee National Fernand Leger in Blot.
Si la realite du migrant est brossee en des oeuvres de facture realiste ou, au contraire, sur un mode plus symbolique, mais en mettant en scene des personnages d'etrangeres au statut semiotique plein, le regard devient autre: il y a a la fois connivence et distanciation esthetique, ce qui contribue nuancer la position du lecteur, sa reception du texte.
Ce qui distingue finalement La Fontaine, c'est que, contrairement aux poetes de l'hotel de Rambouillet ou de la cour, il n'a pas ete seulement le poete de Fouquet, des Bouillon, de la duchesse d'Orleans ou, comme La Fare, de Madame de la Sabliere, c'est-a-dire le porteparole d'une petite societe choisie, mais qu'il a etabli, au contraire, en publiant ses oeuvres, un contact avec le public elargi en ne limitant pas ses sujets a la seule connivence mondaine et en retrouvant des preoccupations universelles.
18), revelant ici une critique (generalement refoulee) du mari Leonard, mettent a jour certains details intimes, dans une ecriture faite de connivence et de ludisme (Virginia utilisant le pseudonyme Potto dans la lettre 4), avec des compliments sur la poesie de Vita, en plus de quelques realites quotidiennes.
beaucoup plus gra que] et de donner des ailes AaAaAeA d'autres opAaAaAeA@rateurs, sans aucune convoi d'accaparement, en connivence avec l'oligarchie administrative ni aucun hAaAaAeA@gAaAaAeA@monisme bAaAaAeA@at dont bAaAaAeA@nAaAaAeA@ficie une minoritAaAaAeA@ de gros bonnets Le climat des affaires est d'abord et avant tout, une question d'AaAaAeA@thiq et d'AaAaAeA@quitAa
De nombreux esclaves se firent alors humilier par les commis de l'etat-civil qui, souvent de connivence avec les anciens maitres, leur attribuerent des noms degradants ou ridicules, sans que les affranchis, pour la plupart illettres, ne s'en rendent compte.
Cela veut dire que le public vous aime, que la connivence est etablie et que par consequent vous n'etes plus tout seul.
Dans La Petite Patrie, dont Faction se situe a Montreal dans les annees 1930-1940, il est aussi celui qui, de connivence avec la famille de Fenfant qui est cceur du recit, glisse a Foreille la possibilite d'une vocation sacerdotale.