Conquest

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Conquest

A term used in feudal law to designate land acquisition by purchase; or any method other than descent or inheritance by which an individual obtains ownership of an estate. A term used in International Law for the process whereby a sovereign nation is, by force of arms, made to submit to another nation; the defeated country thus becomes part of the empire of the conqueror.

CONQUEST, feudal law. This term was used by the feudists to signify purchase.

CONQUEST, international law. The acquisition of the sovereignty of a country by force of arms, exercised by an independent power which reduces the vanquished to the submission of its empire.
     2. It is a general rule, that where conquered countries have laws of their own, these laws remain in force after the conquest, until they are abrogated, unless they are contrary to our religion, or enact any malum in se. In all such cases the laws of the conquering country prevail; for it is not to be presumed that laws opposed to religion or sound morals could be sanctioned. 1 Story, Const. Sec. 150, and the cases there cited.
     3. The conquest and military occupation of a part of the territory of the United States by a public enemy, renders such conquered territory, during such occupation, a foreign country with respect to the revenue laws of the United States. 4 Wheat. R. 246; 2 Gallis. R. 486. The people of a conquered territory change their allegiance, but, by the modern practice, their relations to each other, and their rights of property, remain the same. 7 Pet. R. 86.
     4. Conquest does not, per se, give the conqueror plenum dominium et utile, but a temporary right of possession and government. 2 Gallis. R. 486; 3 Wash. C. C. R. 101. See 8 Wheat. R. 591; 2 Bay, R. 229; 2 Dall. R. 1; 12 Pet. 410.
     5. The right which the English government claimed over the territory now composing the United States, was not founded on conquest, but discovery. Id. Sec. 152, et seq.

References in periodicals archive ?
There can be little argument that the ancient model of international economic development based on conquest was the result of the desire to expand markets and to acquire resources to enhance the economy and national wealth of the nation that initiated the wars and consequent conquests.
KARACHI -- American scholar Dr Wallace Ford on Friday said unprecedented global conquests accompanied by technological and scientific advances started the Industrial Revolution which literally changed the face of the globe and challenged ancient notions of sovereignty and the meaning of international business development.
So, not only did the US, Britain and France take no new territory for themselves after the war (aside from a small minor adjustment of the border between France and Italy); the Allies also returned Manchuria to China, liberated Ethiopia from Italy and reversed Germany's conquests throughout Europe.
The Mongol Conquests: The Military Operations of Genghis Khan and Sube'etei is a scholarly, detailed history of how the Mongols created the greatest landlocked empire in history, eventually spanning from Korea in the east to Hungary and Poland in the west.
Scheiner concludes that these historical writings on the conquest of Damascus indicate that by the second quarter of the second century, that is, prior to 150/767, there was significant interest in the early Islamic conquests and this Islamic historical writing began in both Iraq and Syria.
In Conquests' view this was a very positive development for the project and will have a material impact on the project economics.
As any student of conquests would realize, the fate of the resident "natives" of newly conquered lands is never pleasant.
Written especially for adolescents and teenagers, Alexander The Great Rocks The World chronicles the events of Alexander's life, his military conquests, his ideals of unity, his battle tactics, and much more in detailed yet plain-spoken vernacular language.
With all power in his hands, Augustus sets out to expand Rome's conquests.
Throughout the early European conquests, they everywhere met with persecution, but in the twentieth century they came to be eyed with fascination by Western anthropologists, who were engaged by the problems of gender and sexuality that these persons raised.
Roland Greene, Unrequited Conquests: Love and Empire in the Colonial Americas
In the April 13 NATURE, Madeleine Beekman, now at the University of Sheffield in England, and her colleagues at Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands give the first detailed account of Cape conquests in experimental hives of European bees.