Conquest

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Conquest

A term used in feudal law to designate land acquisition by purchase; or any method other than descent or inheritance by which an individual obtains ownership of an estate. A term used in International Law for the process whereby a sovereign nation is, by force of arms, made to submit to another nation; the defeated country thus becomes part of the empire of the conqueror.

See: subjection

CONQUEST, feudal law. This term was used by the feudists to signify purchase.

CONQUEST, international law. The acquisition of the sovereignty of a country by force of arms, exercised by an independent power which reduces the vanquished to the submission of its empire.
     2. It is a general rule, that where conquered countries have laws of their own, these laws remain in force after the conquest, until they are abrogated, unless they are contrary to our religion, or enact any malum in se. In all such cases the laws of the conquering country prevail; for it is not to be presumed that laws opposed to religion or sound morals could be sanctioned. 1 Story, Const. Sec. 150, and the cases there cited.
     3. The conquest and military occupation of a part of the territory of the United States by a public enemy, renders such conquered territory, during such occupation, a foreign country with respect to the revenue laws of the United States. 4 Wheat. R. 246; 2 Gallis. R. 486. The people of a conquered territory change their allegiance, but, by the modern practice, their relations to each other, and their rights of property, remain the same. 7 Pet. R. 86.
     4. Conquest does not, per se, give the conqueror plenum dominium et utile, but a temporary right of possession and government. 2 Gallis. R. 486; 3 Wash. C. C. R. 101. See 8 Wheat. R. 591; 2 Bay, R. 229; 2 Dall. R. 1; 12 Pet. 410.
     5. The right which the English government claimed over the territory now composing the United States, was not founded on conquest, but discovery. Id. Sec. 152, et seq.

References in periodicals archive ?
So, not only did the US, Britain and France take no new territory for themselves after the war (aside from a small minor adjustment of the border between France and Italy); the Allies also returned Manchuria to China, liberated Ethiopia from Italy and reversed Germany's conquests throughout Europe.
As any student of conquests would realize, the fate of the resident "natives" of newly conquered lands is never pleasant.
Traditionally, the lasting image of Genghis Khan's conquests has been of Mongol ``hordes'' laying waste to civilization.
Throughout the early European conquests, they everywhere met with persecution, but in the twentieth century they came to be eyed with fascination by Western anthropologists, who were engaged by the problems of gender and sexuality that these persons raised.
Cortes later expanded his conquests into Central America.
Roland Greene's subtle and complex Unrequited Conquests examines an instance of what Jameson terms an "ideology of form": the peculiar aptness of (Petrarchan) lyric for representing the fateful encounters between European "discoverers" and the worlds/peoples they "discovered.
In the April 13 NATURE, Madeleine Beekman, now at the University of Sheffield in England, and her colleagues at Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands give the first detailed account of Cape conquests in experimental hives of European bees.
Addressing the impact of conquest on the water dispute can be achieved by incorporating into the equitable utilization analysis the notion of compensation for the Palestinian water losses resulting from Israeli conquests.
Thomas Sowell's Conquests and Cultures is the third volume of a trilogy, preceded by Race and Culture and Migrations and Cultures.
Kaegi's Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests is the first fundamental work on this subject to appear after Fred Donner's Early Islamic Conquests, and the two are related even in their titles.
Throughout history, invasions and conquests have played a remarkable role in shaping our world and defining our boundaries, both physically and culturally.
The Great Arab Conquests illustrates how the Arab armies were able to obtain the upper hand, and offers insights into the distinctive governance Islam wielded over subjugated peoples, as well as how vast populations became converted to Islam.