constitutional rights

constitutional rights

n. rights given or reserved to the people by the U. S. Constitution, and in particular, the Bill of Rights (first ten amendments). These rights include: writ of habeas corpus, no bill of attainder, no duties or taxes on transporting goods from one state to another, (Article 1, Section 9), jury trials (Article III, Section 1), freedom of religion, speech, press (which includes all media), assembly and petition (First Amendment), state militia to bear arms (Second Amendment), no quartering of troops in homes (Third Amendment), no unreasonable search and seizure (Fourth Amendment), major ("capital and infamous") crimes require indictment, no double jeopardy (more than one prosecution) for the same crime, no self-incrimination, right to due process, right to just compensation for property taken by eminent domain (Fifth Amendment); in criminal law, right to a speedy trial, to confront witnesses against one, and to counsel (Sixth Amendment), trial by jury (Seventh amendment), right to bail, no excessive fines, and no cruel and unusual punishments (Eighth amendment), unenumerated rights are reserved to the people (Ninth amendment), equal protection of the laws (14th amendment), no racial bars to voting (15th amendment), no sex bar to voting (19th amendment), and no poll tax (24th amendment). Constitutional interpretation has expanded and added nuances to these rights. (See: constitution, Bill of Rights)

References in classic literature ?
All profess to be content in the Union if all Constitutional rights can be maintained.
Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their CONSTITUTIONAL right of amending it, or their REVOLUTIONARY right to dismember or overthrow it.
Burke's plea was that although England had a theoretical constitutional right to tax the colonies it was impracticable to do so against their will, that the attempt was therefore useless and must lead to disaster, that measures of conciliation instead of force should be employed, and that the attempt to override the liberties of Englishmen in America, those liberties on which the greatness of England was founded, would establish a dangerous precedent for a similar course of action in the mother country itself.
This prompts Webber to re-imagine constitutional rights and constitutions themselves as negotiable: "It]he constitution of a democratic constitutional State, and especially constitutional rights, ought to remain open, on an on-going basis, for democratic re-negotiating" (p.
In November, the coach filed a lawsuit against the East Brunswick School District arguing that his constitutional rights were violated when he was prohibited from bowing his head and kneeling during team prayers.
Walters tried to explain the importance of our constitutional protections against warrantless searches without probable cause, the Fox commentator retorted: "You can argue theory and constitutional rights all day long, but as you know, laws can be changed, the Constitution can be changed, and sometimes they have to be.
Bush, a new and highly informative book by the Center for Constitutional Rights.
Everybody worries about the constitutional rights of gang members, but what about the constitutional rights of law-abiding citizens?
Recalling FDR's proposal for a "second of bill of rights" protecting basic human needs, Sunstein urges Americans to recognize a new list of constitutional rights, including access to a good education and health care, and the opportunity to work at a fair wage--in essence, economic rights in addition to the largely political rights enshrined in the country's founding documents.
Muslims from the Balkans played an important part in articulating "Ottomanness": a belief in equal citizenship of all, in constitutional rights, and an allegiance to the Ottoman state.
38) When officers intentionally withhold Brady material from the prosecutors with whom they work, they are clearly subjecting themselves to personal liability for violating a defendant's constitutional rights to due process.
If Jesus had said it would be easier for a gay guy to sashay through the eye of a needle than to get into heaven, we could understand why social conservatives become unhinged at the thought of gays having constitutional rights.

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