Soulen's concerns about Christian theology's historically limited view about God's role as consummator
was evident in a discussion that he and I had at the ICJS conference over lunch.
This is the case with, for example, Marx's faith in the proletariat as a messianic force, as a consummator
of world history, a metaphysical and intrinsically theological belief shared by Lukacs and Benjamin.
(16) The key text of Vatican II, celebrating Christ "the Consummator
," as Bishop Karol Wojtyla called him, and anticipating the transformation of "fruits of our human nature and enterprise" in the end-time, can be found in Gaudium et spes nos.
(6) The scope of this essay will not do it justice, but at the heart of Soulen's proposal is a shift in the emphasis of Christian theology away from its historical emphasis on God's work as Redeemer, delivering humanity from sin and guilt on the cross, in favor of God's work as a Consummator
, who works for the renewing and perfecting of creation in accordance with a plan that was in place from the very beginning.