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Related to continuity theory: Disengagement theory, Activity theory
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Continuity theory, first articulated by Robert Atchley in his seminal article, "A Continuity Theory of Normal Aging," hypothesizes that, "in making adaptive choices, middle-aged and older adults attempt to preserve and maintain existing internal and external structures; and they prefer to accomplish this objective by using strategies tied to their past experiences of themselves and their social world" (1989, p.
Continuity theory (Atchley, 1989) asserts that there is continuous development over the life span.
Continuity theory (Atchley 1989) assumes that individuals avoid or minimize the effects of role loss by maintaining their longstanding structures of activities.
This objection is taken quite seriously but, surprisingly, in no place in the literature is it pointed out that it charges the psychological continuity theory with deficiency in respect to its very raison d'etre.
Boffa regards this as another continuity theory that minimizes those ingredients that Stalinism took over from the original, radical Bolshevik program; and though scholars like Robert C.
2] The continuity theory postulates that retirement has become a legitimate and desirable role with opportunities for the continuation of other roles and development of new leisure roles, which provides a continuation of self-esteem and status.

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