Bascul had been arrested for the murder, banished, and then condemned for contumacy
("delatus tune de dicto homicidio et propter eo banitus fun' et pro contumacia per curia Massilie condempnatus")--a procedure that introduced a new twist to the legal custom of treating imprisonment as exile, yet another imaginative way of fining murderers for something other than murder.
Perhaps their reading merely reflects their own bias; "and then all this stubbornness and contumacy
towards the King and his laws, is nothing but pride of heart and ambition, or else imposture" (ibid.
His criticism is in contumacy
to the ideals upon which the whole structure rests.
Major excommunication retained "only a rather artificial link to sin" and was used only to punish contumacy
, that is, continued resistance to Church authority.
While at Oxford he wrote and circulated a pamphlet called The Necessity of Atheism, and was expelled for " contumacy
in refusing to answer certain questions " about it.
The decree accuses Bozek of a ninth violation: "Protracted contumacy
no person can be punished for contumacy
as a witness before either House, unless his testimony is required in a matter into which that House has jurisdiction to inquire, and we feel equally sure that neither of these bodies possesses the general power of making inquiry into the private affairs of the citizen.
At one moment there is to be a large army to lay prostrate the liberties of the people; at another moment the militia of Virginia are to be dragged from their homes five or six hundred miles to tame the republican contumacy
of Massachusetts; and that of Massachusetts is to be transported an equal distance to subdue the refractory haughtiness of the aristocratic Virginians.
94) Elderships were by the ordinance of March 1646 empowered to summon accused persons and witnesses by warrant, and in cases of contumacy
to have a justice of the peace imprison the recusant.
disregard standard as requiring something akin to outright contumacy
toward the applicable law of discrimination.