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The outcome of a criminal prosecution which concludes in a judgment that the defendant is guilty of the crime charged. The juncture of a criminal proceeding during which the question of guilt is ascertained. In a case where the perpetrator has been adjudged guilty and sentenced, a record of the summary proceedings brought pursuant to any penal statute before one or more justices of the peace or other properly authorized persons.

The terms conviction and convicted refer to the final judgment on a verdict of guilty, a plea of guilty, or a plea of nolo contendere. They do not include a final judgment that has been deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed, or otherwise rendered inoperative.

The term summary conviction refers to the consequence of a trial before a court or magistrate, without a jury, which generally involves a minor misdemeanor.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the result of a criminal trial in which the defendant has been found guilty of a crime.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a person is convicted of an offence if he pleads or is found guilty of that offence.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CONVICTION, practice. A condemnation. In its most extensive sense this word signifies the giving judgment against a defendant, whether criminal or civil. In a more limited sense, it means, the judgment given against the criminal. And in its most restricted sense it is a record of the summary proceedings upon any penal statute before one or more justices of the peace, or other persons duly authorized, in a case where the offender has been convicted and sentenced: this last is usually termed a summary conviction.
     2. As summary. convictions have been introduced in derogation of the common law, and operate to the exclusion of trial by jury, the courts have required that the strict letter of the statute should be observed 1 Burr. Rep. 613 and that the magistrates should have been guided by rules similar to those adopted by the common law, in criminal prosecution, and founded in natural justice; unless when the statute dispenses with the form of stating them.
     3. The general rules in relation to convictions are, first, it must be under the hand and seal of the magistrate before whom it is taken; secondly, it must be in the present tense, but this, perhaps, ought to extend only to the judgment; thirdly, it must be certain; fourthly, although it is well to lay the offence to be contra pacem, this is not indispensable; fifthly, a conviction cannot be good in part and bad in part.
     4. A conviction usually consists of six parts; first, the information; which should contain, 1. The day when it was taken. 2. The place where it was taken. 3. The name of the informer. 4. The name and style of the justice or justices to whom it was given. 5. The name of the offender. 6. The time of committing the offence. 7. The place where the offence was committed. 8. An exact description of the offence.
     5. Secondly, the summons.
     6. Thirdly, the appearance or non-appearance of the defendant.
     7. Fourthly, his defence or confessions.
     8. Fifthly, the evidence. Dougl. 469; 2 Burr. 1163; 4 Burr. 2064.
     9. Sixthly, the judgment or adjudication, which should state, 1. That the defendant is convicted. 2. The forfeiture or penalty. Vide Bosc. on Conviction; Espinasse on Penal Actions; 4 Dall. 266; 3 Yeates, 475; 1 Yeates, 471. As to the effect of a conviction as evidence in a civil case, see 1 Phil. Ev. 259; 8 Bouv. Inst. 3183.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The judgement held that it was the conviction and sentencing that was the determining factor rather than the actual time spent behind bars, adding that any other interpretation would lead to absurd results.
He explained that unless the conviction is specifically suspended by the appellate court by assigning cogent reasons, the appeal of the appellant was ultimately allowed and his conviction as well as sentence were set aside by the appellate court, the conviction of the appellant would continue to hold the field and the disqualification incurred by him, by reasons of this conviction, will remain intact.
? He also had previous convictions for criminal damage.
The current avenues for someone to have a conviction vacated include an appeal, post-conviction relief orpetition for writ of errorcoram nobis,or error in fact.But Gioia and Mosby said that thoseoptions are difficult to pursue and can require high levels of proof.
Beazer's contention that his drug conviction was not properly counted as an ACCA predicate is both untimely and procedurally defaulted.
So that is what the Ban the Box is all about - giving your job candidates the opportunity to state their case without the unconscious bias of ticking a previous conviction box influencing your decision."
by the degree of force that supports a common-law battery conviction." In light of this unequivocal statement, any conviction for violating Code 18.2-57.2 involves a sufficient use of physical force to qualify as a conviction for a "misdemeanor crime of domestic violence," as that term is used in 18 U.S.C.
The Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC), meanwhile, said Deguito's conviction would contribute only indirectly to efforts to recover the stolen funds from Bangladesh Bank.
conviction for state law purposes cannot vacate the conviction in state
The conviction was awarded when NAB prosecution has made out the case involving embezzlement of amount worth Rs.12.997 million in Ufone bank account maintained in UBL Hamid Square branch, Gulshan e Iqbal.
4 is not limited to convictions for which the defendant has been sentenced, wrote Judge James Florey for the court.
The 2017 was a record year for prosecution during which ANF had successfully achieved 95 per cent conviction rate while during year 2018, the Force has achieved 96 per cent conviction rate so far.