process

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Related to coronoid process: olecranon process, coronoid process of mandible

Process

A series of actions, motions, or occurrences; a method, mode, or operation, whereby a result or effect is produced; normal or actual course of procedure; regular proceeding, as, the process of vegetation or decomposition; a chemical process; processes of nature.

In patent law, an art or method by which any particular result is produced. A definite combination of new or old elements, ingredients, operations, ways, or means to produce a new, improved, or old result, and any substantial change therein by omission, to the same or better result, or by modification or substitution, with different function, to the same or better result, is a new and patentable process.

In civil and criminal proceedings, any means used by a court to acquire or exercise its jurisdiction over a person or over specific property. A summons or summons and complaint; sometimes, a writ.

Cross-references

Service of Process.

process

n. in law, the legal means by which a person is required to appear in court or a defendant is given notice of a legal action against him/her/it. When a complaint in a lawsuit is filed, it must be served on each defendant together with a summons issued by the clerk of the court, stating the amount of time (say, 30 days) in which the defendant has to file an answer or other legal pleading with the clerk of the court and sent to the plaintiff. A subpena is a similar to a summons but is a notice to a witness to appear at a deposition (testimony taken outside court), or at a trial. A subpena duces tecum is an order to deliver documents or other evidence either into court or to the attorney for a party to a lawsuit or criminal prosecution. An order to show cause is a court order to appear in court and give a reason why the court should not issue an order (such as paying temporary child support). The summons, complaint, subpena, subpena duces tecum and order to show cause must all be "served" on the defendant or person required to appear or produce, and this is called "service of process." Service of process is usually made by an officer of the court such as a deputy sheriff or marshal, or a professional process server, but can be performed by others in most jurisdictions. (See: summons, subpena, order to show cause, process server, service of process)

process

(Course), noun action, conduct, continued movement, continuing development, handling, line of accion, manner, means, method, methodology, mode of oppration, operation, performance, plan, policy, procedure, progressive course, ratio, regular proceeding, ritual, scheme, series of measures, strategy, system, tactics, transaction, treatment, way, ways and means
Associated concepts: due process, judicial process

process

(Summons), noun authoritative citation to appear before a court, authoritative command, behest, bidding, citation, command, direction, instruction to appear, legal call, lis, official call, official notice, requirement to appear, signal by which one is summoned, subpoena, writ
Associated concepts: abuse of process, compulsory process, defective process, irregular process, return of process, service of process
See also: avenue, channel, conduit, course, expedient, instrumentality, manufacture, method, mode, modus operandi, operation, practice, procedure, proceeding, search warrant, step, subpoena, system, transaction, treatment, warrant

PROCESS, practice. So denominated because it proceeds or issues forth in order to bring the defendant into court, to answer the charge preferred against him, and signifies the writ or judicial means by which he is brought to answer. 1 Paine, R. 368 Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2. In the English law, process in civil causes is called original process, when it is founded upon the original writ; and also to distinguish it from mesne or intermediate process, which issues pending the suit, upon some collateral interlocutory matter, as, to summon juries, witnesses,, and the like; mesne process is also sometimes put in contradistinction to final process, or process of execution; and then it signifies all process which intervenes between the beginning and end of a suit. 3 Bl. Com. 279.
     3. In criminal cases that proceeding which is called a warrant, before the finding of the bill, is termed process when issued after the indictment has been found by the jury. Vide 4 Bl. Com. 319; Dalt. J. c. 193; Com. Dig. Process, A 1; Burn's Dig. Process; Williams, J, Process; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 338; 17 Vin. Ab. 585.
     4. The word process in the 12th section of the 5th article of the constitution of Pennsylvania, which provides that "the style of all process shall be The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania," was intended to refer to such writs only as should become necessary to be issued in the course of the exercise of that judicial power which is established and provided for in the article of the constitution, and forms exclusively the subject matter of it. 3 Penna. R. 99.

PROCESS, rights. The means or method of accomplishing a thing.
     2. It has been said that the word manufacture, (q.v.) in the patent laws, may, perhaps, extend to a new process, to be carried on by known implements, or elements, acting upon known substances, and ultimately producing some other known substance, but producing it in a cheaper or more expeditious manner, or of a better and more useful kind. 2 B. & Ald. 349. See Perpigna, Manuel des Inventeurs, &c., c. 1; s. 5, Sec. 1, p. 22, 4th ed.; Manufacture; Method.

PROCESS, MESNE, practice. By this term is generally understood any writ issued in the course of a suit between the original process and execution.
     2. By this term is also meant the writ or proceedings in an action to summon or bring the defendant into court, or compel him to appear or put in bail, and then to hear and answer the plaintiffs claim. 3 Chit. Pr. 140.

References in periodicals archive ?
After having completed the diagnosis, associated with the patient's complaint, the patient was referred to the oral and maxillofacial surgeon, who, then, performed the plastic surgery procedure on the hyperplastic coronoid process. After surgery, the patient was instructed to seek speech therapy for functional rehabilitation.
Hypertrophy of the coronoid process is associated with limitations in mandibular movement, and coronoidectomy is considered the treatment of choice.
Lower jaw with an outer row of enlarged curved spaced canines from symphysis to bend of dentary and directed somewhat anterodorsally, 1-2 irregular inner rows of smaller curved teeth at symphysis grading to a single row laterally and continuing to mid-height of coronoid process of dentary.
Five QTLs are significantly associated with the coronoid process (QTMAN3-2, QTMAN4-2, QTMAN13-1, QTMAN15-3, and QTMAN19-1), four with the condyloid process (QTMAN1-1, QTMAN9-1, QTMAN10-2, and QTMAN15-2), one with the angular process (QTMAN17-2), and three with the masseteric region (QTMAN1-1, QTMAN4-2, and QTMAN19-1).
where, [Theta] = 90 [degrees] - [Alpha] is the proportion of the force vector directed at a right angle to the muscle moment arm (coronoid process), A is the length of the muscle moment arm (coronoid-condyloid length), and B is the length of the resistance moment arm (lower condylar facet-i1 length).
A laterally-flaring angular processes, a low coronoid process, a vertically oriented temporal fossa, and a high origin/insertion ratio of the temporal muscle suggest wide gapes and strong bites in carnivorous mammals (Emerson & Radinsky, 1980; Freeman, 1988).
The allogeneic fascia lata was interposed like a waterfall from the olecranon over the coronoid process up to the posterior side of the humeral articular surface.
The zygomatic arch is the insertion site for the masseter muscle and protects the temporalis muscle and the coronoid process.2,3
In total, 15 cranial measurements were taken with a digital caliper with the greatest possible accuracy (0.01 mm), including: greatest length of skull (GLS), condylobasal length (CBL), basal length (BL), occipitonasal length (ONL), palatal length (PL), length of palatal bridge (PBL), length of incisive formina (LIF), breadth of incisive formina (BIF), length of upper tooth row (LUTR), length of upper molars (LUM), maximum upper molars breadth (GUMB), heigth of coronoid process of mandible (HCPM), length of lower molar row (LLMR), lower tooth row (LTR), mandibular height (MH) (Fig.
The position of the vertical osteotomy site in our method should be close to the posterior border of the mandibular foramen, while the osteotomy lines at the anterior and inferior positions of the mandibular foramen should be cut forward as far as possible; that is, the osteotomy line should be set upwards to the coronoid process and downwards to the direction of the mandibular body.
Intraoral incision must be made in the mucobuccal sulcus in the superior posterior direction between the coronoid process and maxillary third molars (15, 16).